ERIC Number: ED521168
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2010-Oct
Reference Count: N/A
Growing Gaps: Educational Inequality around the World
Attewell, Paul, Ed.; Newman, Katherine S., Ed.
Oxford University Press
The last half century has seen a dramatic expansion in access to primary, secondary, and higher education in many nations around the world. Educational expansion is desirable for a country's economy, beneficial for educated individuals themselves, and is also a strategy for greater social harmony. But has greater access to education reduced or exacerbated social inequality? Who are the winners and the losers in the scramble for educational advantage? In "Growing Gaps," Paul Attewell and Katherine S. Newman bring together an impressive group of scholars to closely examine the relationship between inequality and education. The relationship is not straightforward and sometimes paradoxical. Across both post-industrial societies and the high-growth economies of the developing world, education has become the central path for upward mobility even as it maintains and exacerbates existing inequalities. In many countries there has been a staggering growth of private education as demand for opportunity has outpaced supply, but the families who must fund this human capital accumulation are burdened with more and more debt. Privatizing education leads to intensified inequality, as students from families with resources enjoy the benefits of these new institutions while poorer students face intense competition for entry to under-resourced public universities and schools. The ever-increasing supply of qualified, young workers face class- or race-based inequalities when they attempt to translate their credentials into suitable jobs. Covering almost every continent, "Growing Gaps" provides an overarching and essential examination of the worldwide race for educational advantage and will serve as a lasting achievement towards understanding the root causes of inequality. This book contains the following: (1) Preface: Access to Education--Mobility Tool or Roadblock of Stratification? (Katherine S. Newman); (2) Education and Inequality In a Global Context (Paul Attewell); (3) Educational Inequality in Latin America (Christian Cox); (4) Entrance into Prestigious Universities and the Performance of Discriminated Groups on the "Vestibular": Black Students in the University of Sao Paulo, 2001-2007 (Antonio S. Guimaraes); (5) Education and Racial Inequality in Post Apartheid South Africa (Malcolm Keswell); (6) Social Class and Educational Inequality in South Korea (Kwang-Yeong Shin and Byoung-Hoon Lee); (7) Equal Opportunity in Higher Education in Israel: Lessons from the Kibbutz (Yaakov Gilboa and Moshe Justman); (8) Socio-Political Changes and Inequality in Educational Opportunities in China: 1940-2001 (Li Chunling); (9) Middle-Class Losers?: The Role of Emotion in Educational Careers (Yi-Lee Wong); (10) The After Life of NEETS (Karen Robson); (11) Over Education and Social Generations in France: Welfare Regimes and Inter Cohort Inequalities in Returns to Education (Louis Chauvel); (12) Education and the Labor Market: The Case of Poland (Pawel Polawski); (13) The Socio-Economic Integration of Immigrants in the EU Effects of Characteristics of Origin and Destination Countries on the First and Second Generation (Fenella Fleischmann and Jaap Dronkers); and (14) Gender, Perceptions of Opportunity, and Investment in Schooling (Angel Harris).
Descriptors: Equal Education, Access to Education, Global Approach, Foreign Countries, Blacks, College Students, College Admission, Racial Discrimination, Social Class, Educational Opportunities, Higher Education, Social Change, Middle Class, Psychological Patterns, Outcomes of Education, Education Work Relationship, Educational Attainment, Overachievement, Labor Market, Immigrants, Social Integration, Gender Differences, Investment, Social Stratification, Social Mobility
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Publication Type: Books; Collected Works - General
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Brazil; China; European Union; France; Israel; Poland; South Africa; South Korea