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Kilic, Asli; Criss, Amy H.; Howard, Marc W. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2013
The contiguity effect refers to the tendency to recall an item from nearby study positions of the just recalled item. Causal models of contiguity suggest that recalled items are used as probes, causing a change in the memory state for subsequent recall attempts. Noncausal models of the contiguity effect assume the memory state is unaffected by…
Descriptors: Recall (Psychology), Causal Models, Cues, Correlation