ERIC Number: ED275406
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1986
Helping Your Kid Make the Grade.
Research indicates that students' activities and relationships with their parents predict grades more surely than parental education, family income, ethnicity, sex, and family structure. Children with extremely permissive parents do not do well and children with extremely authoritarian parents do worse. Inconsistent parenting is even more strongly associated with lower grades. Authoritative parenting is associated with good grades for both sexes across the high school years for all ethnic groups, family structures, and levels of parental education studied. Family emphasis on conformity is correlated with a decline in grades, while emphasis on diversity is correlated with an improvement. Higher levels of television viewing are associated with slightly lower grades. Particularly among younger high school students, an after-school job has a slightly negative effect on grades. Studying with friends is associated with higher grades, while hanging out, partying, and talking on the telephone are associated with lower grades. The more hours girls spend on sports and exercise, the higher the grades they receive. The same is true of boys, excepting the most active participants in sports and exercise. Youth influenced by peer values more than by parental values are likely to have lower grades than students primarily influenced by values learned at home. (RH)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Child Rearing, Family Characteristics, Family Influence, High School Students, High Schools, Parent Influence, Peer Relationship, Stepfamily, Student Behavior
NASSP, P.O. Box 3250, Reston, VA 22090 ($0.60; add $1.00 shipping and handling for orders under $5.00. Discount on quantity orders of 200 or more copies).
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Association of Secondary School Principals, Reston, VA.