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ERIC Number: EJ1123140
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016-Dec-1
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 46
The Impact of Classroom Physical Activity Breaks on Middle School Students' Health-Related Fitness: An Xbox One Kinetic Delivered 4-Week Randomized Controlled Trial
Yli-Piipari, S.; Layne, T.; McCollins, T.; Knox, T.
JTRM in Kinesiology, Dec 2016
The aim of the study was to examine the effect of a 4-week classroom physical activity break intervention on middle school students' health-related physical fitness. The study was a randomized controlled trial with students assigned to the experiment and control conditions. A convenience sample comprised 94 adolescents (experiment group n = 52; control group n = 42) (48 females, 46 males, age range 11 to 15 years) from four classes in one school in the mid-south United States. Intervention was delivered with an Xbox One Kinetic system to minimize teachers-dependence when delivering the intervention. In addition, to acknowledge students' poor treatment adherence, which can occur in school-based intervention studies, analyses were conducted to both the intention-to-treat group and the students' who reached the 66.7% attendance rate benchmark. Analysis of covariance test results showed that for the intention-to-treat group there were no significant intervention effects on cardiovascular endurance (F[2,82] = 2.58, p = 0.112), upper body strength and endurance (F[2,84] = 3.55, p = 0.063), abdominal strength and endurance (F[2,82] = 0.01, p = 0.973), or flexibility (F[2,71] = 0.48, p < 0.489) tests. In addition, the analyses comparing the high attendance group to the control group showed that intervention had a moderate significant effect on students' cardiovascular endurance (F[2,52] = 23.95, p < 0.001, ?2 = 0.30) and a small effect on abdominal strength and endurance (F[2,52] = 3.24, p = 0.049, ?2 = 0.08). The results of this study highlighted the importance of school students' adherence to program to achieve intended and planned intervention benefits.
Descriptors: Middle School Students, Physical Activity Level, Intervention, Physical Fitness, Health Promotion, Randomized Controlled Trials, Intention, Program Effectiveness, Muscular Strength, Video Games, Technology Uses in Education, Attendance, Student Participation, Measurement, Statistical Analysis, Grade 8, Pretesting
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Middle Schools; Secondary Education; Junior High Schools; Grade 8; Elementary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A