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Doom, Jenalee R.; Gunnar, Megan R.; Georgieff, Michael K.; Kroupina, Maria G.; Frenn, Kristin; Fuglestad, Anita J.; Carlson, Stephanie M. – Child Development, 2014
Children adopted from institutions have been studied as models of the impact of stimulus deprivation on cognitive development (Nelson, Bos, Gunnar, & Sonuga-Barke, 2011), but these children may also suffer from micronutrient deficiencies (Fuglestad et al., 2008). The contributions of iron deficiency (ID) and duration of deprivation on…
Descriptors: Adoption, Institutionalized Persons, Cognitive Development, Nutrition
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Goldberg, Lynette R.; Heiss, Cynthia J.; White, Letitia; Kaf, Wafaa A.; Becker, Alan; Schindler, Jessica B.; Dion, Nancy; Oswalt, Jill – Communication Disorders Quarterly, 2010
Methamphetamine (meth) exposure during fetal development has the potential to adversely affect the development of multiple organ systems. An interdisciplinary case study of a 4-year 11-month-old child born to a mother addicted to meth revealed significant cognitive and communicative delays. Possible meth-related consequences for these delays…
Descriptors: Diseases, Hyperactivity, Children, Case Studies
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Karácsony, Ilona; Albrecht, Hanna; Brantmüller, Éva – Practice and Theory in Systems of Education, 2015
In case of pregnancies, one of the most common pathological conditions in internal medicine is aneamia with iron-deficiency. Furthermore, iron deficiency may also affect the mother and the fetus negatively. We wanted to find out which group of expectant mothers are mostly affected, which factors influence the development of aneamia. It was also…
Descriptors: Pregnancy, Prenatal Influences, Prenatal Care, Prevention
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Bauer, Petra – Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Education, 2016
The presented research hypothesis-driven laboratory exercise teaches advanced undergraduate students state of the art methods and thinking in an integrated molecular physiology context. Students understand the theoretical background of iron acquisition in the model plant "Arabidopsis thaliana." They design a flowchart summarizing the key…
Descriptors: Plants (Botany), Undergraduate Students, Molecular Biology, Physiology
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Doom, Jenalee R.; Georgieff, Michael K.; Gunnar, Megan R. – Developmental Science, 2015
Increased ADHD symptomology and lower IQ have been reported in internationally adopted (IA) children compared to non-adopted peers (Hostinar, Stellern, Schaefer, Carlson & Gunnar, 2012; Kreppner, O'Connor & Rutter, 2001). However, it is unclear whether these outcomes are due to institutional deprivation specifically or to co-occurring…
Descriptors: Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Intelligence Quotient, Brain
National Scientific Council on the Developing Child, 2006
Betsy Lozoff is among the world's leading experts on iron deficiency and its effects on infant brain development and behavior. Iron deficiency is the most common single nutrient disorder in the world, affecting more than half of the world's infants and young children. Research by Lozoff and others has shown that there are long-lasting…
Descriptors: Infants, Brain, Incidence, Diseases
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East, Patricia; Lozoff, Betsy; Blanco, Estela; Delker, Erin; Delva, Jorge; Encina, Pamela; Gahagan, Sheila – Developmental Psychology, 2017
Children who are iron deficient (ID) or iron-deficient anemic (IDA) have been shown to seek and receive less stimulation from their caregivers, contributing to "functional isolation". Over time, the reduced interactions between child and caregiver are thought to interfere with the acquisition of normative social competencies and…
Descriptors: Nutrition, Child Health, Affective Behavior, Mothers
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Bilgic, Ayhan; Gurkan, Kagan; Turkoglu, Serhat; Akca, Omer Faruk; Kilic, Birim Gunay; Uslu, Runa – Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 2010
Iron deficiency (ID) causes negative outcomes on psychomotor and behavioral development of infants and young children. Children with autistic spectrum disorders (ASD) are under risk for ID and this condition may increase the severity of psychomotor and behavioral problems, some of which already inherently exist in these children. In the present…
Descriptors: Autism, Preschool Children, Severity (of Disability), Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Donfrancesco, Renato; Parisi, Pasquale; Vanacore, Nicola; Martines, Francesca; Sargentini, Vittorio; Cortese, Samuele – Journal of Attention Disorders, 2013
Objective: (a) To compare serum ferritin levels in a sample of stimulant-naive children with ADHD and matched controls and (b) to assess the association of serum ferritin to ADHD symptoms severity, ADHD subtypes, and IQ. Method: The ADHD and the control groups included 101 and 93 children, respectively. Serum ferritin levels were determined with…
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Control Groups, Biochemistry
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Turner, Catharyn A.; Xie, Diqiong; Zimmerman, Bridget M.; Calarge, Chadi A. – Journal of Attention Disorders, 2012
Objective: Iron deficiency is associated with impaired dopaminergic signaling and externalizing behavior. The authors examine, whether iron stores in toddlerhood influence later response to psychostimulants. Method: Youth participating in a study monitoring the long-term safety of risperidone were included in this analysis if they had received…
Descriptors: Diseases, Toddlers, Biochemistry, Correlation
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M'Cormack, Fredanna A. D.; Drolet, Judy C. – Health Educator, 2012
Introduction: Iron deficiency anemia prevalence of pregnant Sierra Leone women currently is reported to be 59.7%. Anemia is considered to be a direct cause of 3-7% of maternal deaths and an indirect cause of 20-40% of maternal deaths. This study explores knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors of urban pregnant Sierra Leone women regarding anemia.…
Descriptors: Pregnancy, Females, Health Promotion, Health Services
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Latif, A.; Heinz, P.; Cook, R. – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2002
Retrospective analysis of the full blood count and, when available, serum ferritin measurements of 96 children (52 with autism and 44 with Asperger syndrome) found six autistic children had iron deficiency and 12 of the 23 autistic children with serum ferritin measures were iron deficient. Far fewer Asperger children were iron deficient. Results…
Descriptors: Anemia, Asperger Syndrome, Autism, Children
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Early Childhood Research & Practice, 2009
This paper presents an interview with Dr. Alice Sterling Honig which took place in Syracuse, New York, in May 2009. Michele Jachim Barrett of Syracuse University conducted the interview using questions prepared by the editors of "ECRP." Dr. Honig is currently Professor Emerita at Syracuse University. Her work in early childhood development, care,…
Descriptors: Caregivers, Young Children, Social Development, Child Care
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Oner, Pinar; Oner, Ozgur – Child Psychiatry and Human Development, 2008
Our aim was to investigate the relation between behavioral symptoms and hematological variables which are related with iron deficiency and anemia, ferritin, hemoglobin, mean corpuscular volume (MCV), and reticulosite distribution width (RDW) in children and adolescents with pure Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) or ADHD comorbid with…
Descriptors: Teacher Attitudes, Hyperactivity, Attention Deficit Disorders, Rating Scales
Enwonwu, Cyril O., Ed. – 1990
Iron deficiency anemia impairs cognitive performance, physical capacity, and thermoregulation. Recent evidence suggests that these functional impairments are also evident in subclinical nonanemic iron deficiency. Very little is known about the relevance of the latter to the health of blacks, who have been shown to have the highest prevalence of…
Descriptors: Adults, Anemia, Blacks, Child Health
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