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ERIC Number: ED129049
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1976
Pages: 26
Abstractor: N/A
Generative Semantics.
King, Margaret
The first section of this paper deals with the attempts within the framework of transformational grammar to make semantics a systematic part of linguistic description, and outlines the characteristics of the generative semantics position. The second section takes a critical look at generative semantics in its later manifestations, and makes a case against this position on the basis of its treatment of presupposition. The attempt to include presupposition, in a broad sense, in a grammatical system leads to a situation where grammar breaks down. It is possible to redefine grammar in such a way that it can correct tentative assumptions, but this would be the definition of a design criterion for an artificial intelligence (AI) system, in which the aim is to understand the sentence, and grammaticality is at best of secondary importance. A general conclusion is that the demand that grammar should take into account not only well-formedness and semantic acceptability but also all possible aspects of the context of use of a sentence renders the production of a grammar in a normal sense impossible; but it does provide an intelligible and coherent basis for work within the paradigm of artificial intelligence. (AM)
North Holland Press, 335 Jan van Galenstraat, P. O. Box 1270, Amsterdam, The Netherlands (available as part of "Computational Semantics")
Publication Type: Books
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A