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Thunder Hawk, Anne – 2000
In 1978, federal legislation was passed to protect tribally enrolled or potentially enrollable American Indian children and prevent the breakup of Indian families. Prior to the passage of the Indian Child Welfare Act, it was estimated that one-quarter to one-third of all Indian children were being removed from their families. In this paper, an…
Descriptors: Adopted Children, American Indians, Early Experience, Ethnicity
Avina, Cheryl – 1993
This paper recounts the author's removal as an Indian child to a non-Indian foster home and consequent alienation and identity crisis, and presents survey results from Indian adults with similar childhood experiences. The problems in this particular case began when, at age 5, the author moved with her family from the reservation to an urban…
Descriptors: Alienation, American Indians, Child Welfare, Early Experience
Bensen, Robert, Ed. – 2001
This collection of works by Native American writers reveals the political use by the U.S. and Canadian governments of schooling, adoption, and child welfare services to erase tribal identity and sovereignty. Seven tales in part 1 reflect various Native perspectives about the value and place of children in Native cultures. They provide background…
Descriptors: Acculturation, Adopted Children, American Indian Education, American Indians