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Priess, Heather A.; Lindberg, Sara M.; Hyde, Janet Shibley – Child Development, 2009
Gender intensification, an increased pressure for adolescents to conform to culturally sanctioned gender roles, has been posited as an explanation for the emergence of the gender difference in depression. This longitudinal study assessed whether 410 individuals became more stereotypical in their gender-role identity across adolescence and whether…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Sexual Identity, Gender Differences, Depression (Psychology)
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Leaper, Campbell; Brown, Christia Spears – Child Development, 2008
This study investigated predictors of adolescent girls' experiences with sexism and feminism. Girls (N = 600; M = 15.1 years, range = 12-18), of varied socioeconomic and ethnic backgrounds, completed surveys of personal experiences with sexual harassment, academic sexism (regarding science, math, and computer technology), and athletics. Most girls…
Descriptors: Feminism, Sexual Harassment, Females, Sexual Identity
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DuBois, David L.; Burk-Braxton, Carol; Swenson, Lance P.; Tevendale, Heather D.; Hardesty, Jennifer L. – Child Development, 2002
Investigated the influence of racial and gender discrimination and difficulties on adolescent adjustment. Found that discrimination and hassles contribute to a general stress context which in turn influences emotional and behavioral problems in adjustment, while racial and gender identity positively affect self-esteem and thus adjustment. Revealed…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Black Youth, Blacks, Coping
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Patterson, Charlotte J. – Child Development, 1992
Reviews research regarding the sexual identity, personal development, and social relationships of children of gay and lesbian parents. To date, there is no evidence that the development of children of gay and lesbian parents is compromised relative to the development of children of heterosexual parents. (BC)
Descriptors: Child Development, Comparative Analysis, Family Environment, Homosexuality
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Gouze, Karen R.; Nadelman, Lorraine – Child Development, 1980
Descriptors: Age Differences, Child Language, Developmental Vocabulary, Perceptual Development
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Martin-Storey, Alexa; Cheadle, Jacob E.; Skalamera, Julie; Crosnoe, Robert – Child Development, 2015
Mental health disparities between sexual minority and other youth have been theorized to result in part from the effects of the stigmatization on social integration. Stochastic actor-based modeling was applied to complete network data from two high schools in the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (M[subscript age] = 15 years,…
Descriptors: Minority Groups, Mental Health, Homosexuality, Social Bias
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Golombok, Susan; Mellish, Laura; Jennings, Sarah; Casey, Polly; Tasker, Fiona; Lamb, Michael E. – Child Development, 2014
Findings are presented on a U.K. study of 41 gay father families, 40 lesbian mother families, and 49 heterosexual parent families with an adopted child aged 3-9 years. Standardized interview and observational and questionnaire measures of parental well-being, quality of parent-child relationships, child adjustment, and child sex-typed behavior…
Descriptors: Fathers, Homosexuality, Adoption, Foreign Countries
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Grace, Diana M.; David, Barbara J.; Ryan, Michelle K. – Child Development, 2008
Whereas traditional theories of gender development have focused on individualistic paths, recent analyses have argued for a more social categorical approach to children's understanding of gender. Using a modeling paradigm based on K. Bussey and A. Bandura (1984), 3 experiments (N = 62, N = 32, and N = 64) examined preschoolers' (M age = 52.9…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, Imitation, Attention, Classification
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Ruble, Diane N.; Taylor, Lisa J.; Cyphers, Lisa; Greulich, Faith K.; Lurye, Leah E.; Shrout, Patrick E. – Child Development, 2007
Kohlberg's (1966) hypothesis that the attainment of gender constancy motivates children to attend to gender norms was reevaluated by examining these links in relation to age. Ninety-four 3- to 7-year-old children were interviewed to assess whether and how constancy mediates age-related changes in gender-related beliefs. As expected, results…
Descriptors: Sexual Identity, Childhood Attitudes, Social Behavior, Child Development
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Bussey, Kay; Bandura, Albert – Child Development, 1992
Groups of younger and older children in a sample of two to five year olds were assessed for gender knowledge, gender standards, and gender-linked behavior. All children exhibited more same- than cross-sex typed behavior. Older children expressed self-approval for same-sex behavior and self-criticism for cross-sex behavior. (BC)
Descriptors: Age Differences, Childhood Attitudes, Sexual Identity, Social Cognition
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And Others; Emmerich, Walter – Child Development, 1977
Gender constancy was assessed at ages 4, 5, 6, and 7 for 314 economically disadvantaged children. Results yielded evidence for the sequential placement of a transitional phase in the development of gender constancy. (JMB)
Descriptors: Cognitive Development, Developmental Stages, Early Childhood Education, Economically Disadvantaged
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Fagot, Beverly I.; Leinbach, Mary D. – Child Development, 1989
Relations between children's ability to apply gender labels, their tendency to sex-typed behavior, and their parents' attitudes and reactions toward sex-typed behaviors were studied. (PCB)
Descriptors: Females, Males, Parent Child Relationship, Parent Influence
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Bauer, Patricia J. – Child Development, 1993
Assessed 25-month-old girls' and boys' immediate and delayed recall of sequences depicting female-stereotyped, male-stereotyped, and gender-neutral activities. Girls showed equivalent recall of all sequence types. Boys showed better recall of male- than female-stereotyped sequences, and equivalent recall of male-stereotyped and gender-neutral…
Descriptors: Cognitive Development, Memory, Schemata (Cognition), Sex Differences
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Martin, Carol Lynn; Little, Jane K. – Child Development, 1990
Ability to identify the sexes, understanding of gender group membership, temporal stability of gender, and gender consistency over situational changes were assessed in a sample of 61 boys and girls of 3-5 years of age. Findings suggested that only a rudimentary understanding of gender is acquired by children before the sex-typing process begins.…
Descriptors: Age Differences, Cognitive Structures, Comprehension, Preschool Children
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Bem, Sandra Lipsitz – Child Development, 1989
Challenges the view that the cognitive-developmental level of preschool children prevents them from attaining gender constancy. Reviews shortcomings in procedures previously used to assess gender constancy. Reports on a study which uses a new measure of gender constancy and a new test of children's genital knowledge. (PCB)
Descriptors: Childhood Attitudes, Cognitive Development, Developmental Stages, Measurement Techniques
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