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Scott, Rose M.; Baillargeon, Renee – Child Development, 2009
Recent research has shown that infants as young as 13 months can attribute false beliefs to agents, suggesting that the psychological-reasoning subsystem necessary for attributing reality-incongruent informational states (Subsystem-2, SS2) is operational in infancy. The present research asked whether 18-month-olds' false-belief reasoning extends…
Descriptors: Infants, Toddlers, Attribution Theory, Cognitive Processes
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Slaby, Ronald G.; Frey, Karin S. – Child Development, 1975
Developmental levels of gender identity in preschool children were investigated. (JMB)
Descriptors: Cognitive Development, Identification (Psychology), Observational Learning, Preschool Education
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Apperly, Ian. A.; Williams, Emily; Williams, Joelle – Child Development, 2004
In 4 experiments 120 three-to four-year-old non readers were asked the identity of a symbolic representation as it appeared with different objects. Consistent with Bialystok (2000), many children judged the identity of written words to vary according to the object with which they appeared but few made such errors with recognizable pictures.…
Descriptors: Cognitive Development, Preschool Children, Symbolic Learning, Pattern Recognition
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Achenbach, Thomas M.; Weisz, John R. – Child Development, 1975
The relationship among the Piagetian concepts of identity, seriation, and transitivity was explored with preschool subjects. (JMB)
Descriptors: Cognitive Development, Memory, Preschool Education, Serial Ordering
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Robinson, E. J.; Whitcombe, E. L. – Child Development, 2003
Examined preschoolers' suggestibility when initial beliefs about an object's identity were contradicted by experimenter's suggestion. Found that subjects were good at accepting the suggestion only when the experimenter was better informed than they. Children were least accurate at reporting whether their final belief was based on what they were…
Descriptors: Age Differences, Beliefs, Children, Cognitive Development
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Bernstein, Anne C.; Cowan, Philip A. – Child Development, 1975
Twenty children, 3-12 years old, were given a newly constructed interview on their concepts of human reproduction (social causality), in conjunction with Piaget-type tasks assessing physical conservation-identity, physical causality, and a new social identity task. The children's concepts of human reproduction appeared to proceed through a…
Descriptors: Abstract Reasoning, Cognitive Development, Conservation (Concept), Developmental Psychology
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Acredolo, Curt; Acredolo, Linda P. – Child Development, 1979
Tests Piaget's assertions regarding compensation, identity, and conservation using a modified replication of Piaget and Taponier's classic study of liquid conservation. A total of 96 children in kindergarten and first grade were presented with a sequence of anticipation-of-liquid-conservation, anticipation-of-water-levels, and standard…
Descriptors: Cognitive Development, Compensation (Concept), Conservation (Concept), Developmental Stages
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Johnson, Carl Nils – Child Development, 1990
Reveals that during the elementary school years, children acquire a firm understanding of the brain as the primary locus of psychological attributes and identity. The early school years, when children are five to seven years old, appear to be a transitional phase, when performance is variable and subject to task conditions. (RH)
Descriptors: Cognitive Development, Comprehension, Elementary Education, Elementary School Students
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Johnson, Susan C.; Solomon, Gregg E. A. – Child Development, 1997
Three studies used interspecies adoption stories to examine children's understanding of the role of birth in determining animal properties and species identity. Found that most 4- to 7-year olds could reliably judge that babies would be of the same species as birth parents, but were unable to attribute properties of adoptive parents. (Author/KB)
Descriptors: Adoption, Age Differences, Biological Parents, Birth
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Ruffman, Ted – Child Development, 1999
Five experiments examined children's understanding of logical consistency. Findings indicated that only by 6 years of age were logically inconsistent claims understood despite good memory for claims, varying question forms, ability to identity other types of statements as not sensical or to compare/contrast claims in other ways, and attempts made…
Descriptors: Age Differences, Children, Cognitive Development, Logic
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Litrownik, Alan J.; And Others – Child Development, 1978
Descriptors: Cognitive Development, Conservation (Concept), Handicapped Children, Mental Retardation
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Butterworth, George – Child Development, 1975
Reports two experiments which were designed to establish whether errors in infants' manual searches for objects are caused by changes in the location of an object or by the change in the relation between old and new hiding places. (JMB)
Descriptors: Cognitive Development, Eye Hand Coordination, Infant Behavior, Object Permanence
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And Others; Emmerich, Walter – Child Development, 1977
Gender constancy was assessed at ages 4, 5, 6, and 7 for 314 economically disadvantaged children. Results yielded evidence for the sequential placement of a transitional phase in the development of gender constancy. (JMB)
Descriptors: Cognitive Development, Developmental Stages, Early Childhood Education, Economically Disadvantaged
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Bauer, Patricia J. – Child Development, 1993
Assessed 25-month-old girls' and boys' immediate and delayed recall of sequences depicting female-stereotyped, male-stereotyped, and gender-neutral activities. Girls showed equivalent recall of all sequence types. Boys showed better recall of male- than female-stereotyped sequences, and equivalent recall of male-stereotyped and gender-neutral…
Descriptors: Cognitive Development, Memory, Schemata (Cognition), Sex Differences
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Bem, Sandra Lipsitz – Child Development, 1989
Challenges the view that the cognitive-developmental level of preschool children prevents them from attaining gender constancy. Reviews shortcomings in procedures previously used to assess gender constancy. Reports on a study which uses a new measure of gender constancy and a new test of children's genital knowledge. (PCB)
Descriptors: Childhood Attitudes, Cognitive Development, Developmental Stages, Measurement Techniques
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