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Grant, Nigel – Comparative Education, 1997
Considers issues concerning the education of minorities, in Europe and elsewhere, by examining the vexed question of the nature of identity. Offers the concept of identity "markers," now most commonly nationality and citizenship, but changeable in times of crisis. Discusses culture switching, intermediate or multiple cultural identities,…
Descriptors: Acculturation, Cultural Interrelationships, Cultural Pluralism, Culture Conflict
Carter, Robert T., Ed.; Johnson, Samuel D., Jr., Ed. – 1991
The 1991 Winter Roundtable on Cross Cultural Counseling was the first national conference devoted to the topic of racial identity in counseling and psychotherapy. Conference papers include: (1) "A Brief Continuing History of the Teachers College Winter Roundtable on Cross-Cultural Counseling and Psychotherapy" (Samuel D. Johnson, Jr.); (2) "Racial…
Descriptors: Clinical Psychology, Counseling, Cross Cultural Studies, Cultural Awareness
Makkawi, Ibrahim A. – 1998
Unlike many Third World nation minorities living in Western societies, the Palestinians in Israel did not immigrate to the new system; rather, the system was imposed on them by the Israeli Jewish government. This paper argues that the Israeli government uses its hegemony over the educational system for its Palestinian citizens to manipulate and…
Descriptors: Conflict, Cultural Context, Educational Policy, Educational Practices
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Bakken, Linda; Dermon-Sparks, Louise – Multicultural Education, 1996
Discusses the development of identity and socially biased attitudes in young children and adolescents. By the time a child is nine years old, biased attitudes tend to stay constant unless there is a life-changing event. The importance of a coherent multicultural curriculum from earliest day care is emphasized. (SLD)
Descriptors: Adolescents, Attitude Change, Child Development, Cultural Awareness
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James, Katherine – Journal of Experiential Education, 1996
Factors influencing racial diversity in environmental education were studied by interviewing 50 people representing a racial cross-section of the United States. Discusses barriers to participation in environmental education, the role of outdoor experiential education in overcoming these barriers, the interrelationship between cultural identity and…
Descriptors: Cultural Awareness, Cultural Pluralism, Culturally Relevant Education, Elementary Secondary Education
Sue, Derald Wing – 1995
The purpose of this paper is to begin the process of proposing a theory of multicultural counseling and therapy (MCT). Since such an attempt may be culturally biased in itself, an effort is made to minimize this danger by analyzing the weaknesses and culture- bound biases of traditional mental health practices, by reviewing the literature…
Descriptors: Bias, Context Effect, Counseling, Cultural Pluralism
Bhattacharyya, Srilata – 2001
This paper investigates factors influencing the emergence of a new ethnic identity for Asian Americans, replete with academic achievement and professional success. While Asian Americans were once considered "unassimilable heathens," they have been transformed from "cruel, enemy aliens" to "industrious, quiet, law-abiding…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Affirmative Action, Asian Americans, Cultural Differences
Schofield, Janet Ward – 1995
Factors that theory and research in social psychology suggest are important in structuring racially and ethnically mixed environments in ways that foster positive relations and minimize negative relations are reviewed. It is important to avoid resegregation, but avoiding resegregation is not enough in itself. Policies and practices must be…
Descriptors: Educational Environment, Educational Practices, Elementary Secondary Education, Ethnic Groups
Spring, Joel – 1995
Designed to be used in courses devoted to the study of multicultural education, this book aims to outline conceptual foundations of multicultural education and to discuss differences in cultural perspectives. The book is divided into two parts. Part one provides the foundation of multicultural education; part two focuses on the perspectives on…
Descriptors: Consciousness Raising, Cultural Differences, Cultural Interrelationships, Culturally Relevant Education
Eminov, Ali – 1989
The goals of language policies in Marxist-Leninist states tend to be applied in three stages: (1) pluralism, (2) bilingualism, and (3) monolingualism. The language policies in Bulgaria, particularly as applied to the Turkish minority, fit this pattern. A pluralistic language and education tradition in Bulgaria, inherited from the Ottoman Empire,…
Descriptors: Bilingualism, Bulgarian, Cultural Pluralism, Educational Policy
Camino, Linda A. – 1992
Research concerning the roles that race, ethnicity, and culture play in youth development is reviewed; and the implications of this research for the design of youth development programs are analyzed, with recommendations for program planners. The analysis focuses on the various assumptions that have been used with respect to minority youth, the…
Descriptors: Cultural Differences, Disadvantaged Youth, Elementary Secondary Education, Ethnic Groups
Mehan, Hugh; And Others – 1995
Ethnographic studies of multicultural education in classrooms and schools are reviewed, emphasizing studies that have made self-conscious attempts to be culturally inclusive by modifying classroom organization, discourse patterns, or the curriculum. Studies of desegregation and ethnographies of urban schools are not included. The first part of the…
Descriptors: Blacks, Classroom Techniques, Cultural Awareness, Curriculum Development
Allan, Rod; Hill, Bob – 1995
The historical development and current status of multicultural education in Australia are reviewed, without, however, focusing on the education of Aboriginal people. In Australia, the term multicultural education is generally understood to exclude Aborigines, a distinction in which Aboriginal educators concur as they assert the unique identity and…
Descriptors: Acculturation, Cultural Differences, Curriculum Development, Economic Factors
Moodley, Kogila A. – 1995
Canada is one of the few democratic societies that has addressed the issue of cultural and linguistic pluralism, incorporated it into its definition of national identity, and formulated it as a formal state policy of multiculturalism. Canada has always been an ethnically heterogeneous society, and the view that Canada values the cultural mosaic…
Descriptors: Cultural Awareness, Cultural Differences, Democracy, Educational History
Hoff, Gerd R. – 1995
Multicultural education in Germany has been profoundly affected by history and the consequences and burdens of war. As Germany has always understood itself to be a monocultural country, there was initially little room for unpopular multicultural approaches to school organization and curriculum. Depending on the political orientation of state…
Descriptors: Acculturation, Cultural Awareness, Disadvantaged Youth, Economic Factors
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