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De Wolff, Anneke; Miedema, Siebren; De Ruyter, Doret – Educational Review, 2002
Analysis of key Dutch, Anglo-American, and Germany literature on Christian schools identified different conceptions of their identity: one-dimensional (purely religious); multidimensional (education influenced by but not dependent on Christian worldview); abstract universal versus concrete/contextual; and static versus dynamic. Conceptions did not…
Descriptors: Christianity, Elementary Secondary Education, Foreign Countries, Parochial Schools
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Wiborg, Susanne – Comparative Education, 2000
Jean Jacques Rousseau in France and Johann Gottfied Herder in Germany both emphasized the role of education in building the nation-state. However, Rousseau focused on shaping the national character through citizenship education and political socialization in public schools, while Herder saw a national identity evolving from a common culture and…
Descriptors: Citizenship Education, Cultural Education, Educational Philosophy, Elementary Secondary Education
Hoff, Gerd R. – 1995
Multicultural education in Germany has been profoundly affected by history and the consequences and burdens of war. As Germany has always understood itself to be a monocultural country, there was initially little room for unpopular multicultural approaches to school organization and curriculum. Depending on the political orientation of state…
Descriptors: Acculturation, Cultural Awareness, Disadvantaged Youth, Economic Factors
Sussmuth, Hans – 1994
After a discussion of the circumstances that led to the unification of the two German states, this paper then evaluates the challenges to political education in Germany after unification. Beginning with the focus by the media and politics on the effects of East German political changes on the two German states, the revolution in East Germany and…
Descriptors: Educational Development, Educational Environment, Elementary Secondary Education, Foreign Countries