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Limage, Leslie J. – Comparative Education, 2000
Background for understanding the experience of Muslim immigrant students in French schools. Discusses the philosophy of equal education as equal access to the same knowledge (defined exclusively by the state and teachers); lack of teacher accountability; examination-based selection; and church-state separation. Describes government responses to…
Descriptors: Acculturation, Authoritarianism, Educational Philosophy, Elementary Secondary Education
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Wiborg, Susanne – Comparative Education, 2000
Jean Jacques Rousseau in France and Johann Gottfied Herder in Germany both emphasized the role of education in building the nation-state. However, Rousseau focused on shaping the national character through citizenship education and political socialization in public schools, while Herder saw a national identity evolving from a common culture and…
Descriptors: Citizenship Education, Cultural Education, Educational Philosophy, Elementary Secondary Education