ERIC Number: ED052617
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1971
Of Levers and Electrons and Learning and Enlightenment: Technological Augmentation of Cognition in the United States Since 1776.
Merzbach, Uta C.
An extensive historical background for an exhibition dealing with the technological augmentation of human intellect is presented. The main theme underlying the discussion is the changing concept of cognition in the last 200 years. Five main views of the learning process are traced as they developed in philosophy and in practical application: the technology of facts (1776-1876), the technology of processes (1876-1925), the technology of communication (1926-1959), the technology of machines (1951-1970), and the technology of man (1971-?). It is suggested that present-day technology can be used to achieve more than the acquisition of facts; by drawing on historical and new results, it may be possible to learn to use technology to enrich the manifold aspects of cognition. A large scale exhibition is described which would trace the evolving aspect of educational technology by showing the various devices which have been used in the process of education. The devices range from hornbook to the computer. Some possible modifications to the exhibition are suggested for locations where there is not sufficient original source material. These include the use of holograms, audiovisual devices, and computer simulations. A list of references is presented together with a guide which annotates the references as a group. (JY)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Naval Research, Arlington, VA. Personnel and Training Research Programs Office.
Authoring Institution: Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC.