ERIC Number: EJ785225
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008
College Freshman Stress and Weight Change: Differences by Gender
Economos, Christina D.; Hildebrandt, M. Lise; Hyatt, Raymond R.
American Journal of Health Behavior, v32 n1 p16-25 Jan-Feb 2008
Objectives: To examine how stress and health-related behaviors affect freshman weight change by gender. Methods: Three hundred ninety-six freshmen completed a 40-item health behavior survey and height and weight were collected at baseline and follow-up. Results: Average weight change was 5.04 lbs for males, 5.49 lbs for females. Weight gain was related to increased alcohol consumption (P=0.014) in men and increased workload (P less than 0.001) in women. Weight loss was associated with lower academic confidence at baseline (P=0.009) and peer pressure modified by alcohol increase (P=0.025) in men, and fruit/vegetable consumption at baseline (P=0.015) in women. Conclusions: Gender-specific approaches to weight management in this population are needed.
Descriptors: Health Behavior, Body Height, Self Esteem, Correlation, Eating Habits, Drinking, Peer Influence, Gender Differences, Males, College Freshmen, Stress Variables, Body Weight
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education
Authoring Institution: N/A