NotesFAQContact Us
Search Tips
Back to results
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
ERIC Number: EJ952157
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011
Pages: 8
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0094-1956
Reduced Psychological Distress in Racial and Ethnic Minority Students Practicing the Transcendental Meditation Program
Elder, Charles; Nidich, Sanford; Colbert, Robert; Hagelin, John; Grayshield, Lisa; Oviedo-Lim, Dynah; Nidich, Randi; Rainforth, Maxwell; Jones, Chris; Gerace, Denise
Journal of Instructional Psychology, v38 n2 p109-116 2011
There is a growing literature describing the stressful nature of students' school experience. Previous research has found that racial and ethnic minority groups are particularly subject to high levels of stress due to exposure to violence, pressures due to acculturation, and the schooling process. This is the first study to evaluate effects of the Transcendental Meditation[R] program on psychological distress across diverse racial and ethnic minority student groups. A total of 106 secondary school students (68 meditating and 38 non-meditating students), who completed both baseline and 4-month post-testing, were included. Results indicated reductions in Transcendental Meditation students compared to controls in general psychological distress and anxiety. Within-group effects on depressive symptoms also were observed. Because of the association between psychological distress and both adverse school performance and poor physical and mental health outcomes, it is important for school administrators to implement programs of stress reduction into their schools. (Contains 2 tables.)
Project Innovation, Inc. P.O. Box 8508 Spring Hill Station, Mobile, AL 36689-0508. Tel: 251-343-1878; Fax: 251-343-1878; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Arizona; Connecticut; South Dakota
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: State Trait Anxiety Inventory for Children; Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire