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Ahn, Tom – Education Finance and Policy, 2017
Accountability systems are designed to introduce market pressures to increase efficiency in education. One potential channel by which this can occur is to match with effective teachers in the transfer market. I use a smooth maximum score estimator model, North Carolina data, and the state's bonus system to analyze how teachers and schools change…
Descriptors: Accountability, Teacher Effectiveness, Competition, Teacher Placement
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Militello, Matthew; Militello, Luke – Educational Forum, 2013
Recent educational accountability efforts have married student assessments with reform mandates and sanctions. As a result, students--beginning in early elementary grades--are feeling the pressures of this new era of high-stakes accountability. This article chronicles a story of the consequences of high-stakes testing on a father and his son.…
Descriptors: High Stakes Tests, Accountability, Student Evaluation, Educational Assessment
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Lauen, Douglas Lee; Gaddis, S. Michael – Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis, 2016
Despite common conceptions, evidence on whether No Child Left Behind (NCLB) has had adverse effects for low achieving students is mixed. We hypothesize that the incentive to shift attention away from the lowest achieving students increases with the rigor of state standards. Using panel data from students in North Carolina, we exploit two natural…
Descriptors: Accountability, Academic Standards, Mathematics Achievement, High Achievement
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Pratt, Timothy – Education Next, 2017
Community colleges, with their commitment to open access, admit millions of students each year who are unprepared for college-level work, even though they have earned a high-school diploma. For decades the schools had a built-in base of students attracted to their open doors and relative affordability. But enrollment at public two-year college has…
Descriptors: Community Colleges, Access to Education, Disadvantaged, Funding Formulas
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Orsini, Muhsin Michael; Wyrick, David L.; Hansen, William B.; O'Sullivan, Rita G.; Hallfors, Denise; Steckler, Allan B.; Ridenour, Ty A. – Health Education, 2019
Purpose: Alcohol, tobacco, marijuana and other drugs use typically increases in prevalence and frequency during middle and late adolescence. School health instruction often focusses on providing facts and rarely provides tools for addressing the psychosocial risk factors needed to prevent substance use. The purpose of this paper is to report about…
Descriptors: Alcohol Education, Drug Education, Incidence, Prevention
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Kretchmar, Jen; Farmer, Steve – Journal of College Admission, 2013
At many of the colleges and universities that attract the most applicants, the high-school course of study is a critical component of the evaluation. Many schools advise their candidates that they must take the most difficult course of study available at their high schools to have a chance of earning admission. Students can feel intense pressure…
Descriptors: Role, High Schools, College Admission, Advanced Placement Programs
Hodges, Janice; Pringle, Lajuan S. – School Library Monthly, 2013
The African American male psyche is a complicated multi-layered mixture of outside media influences, stereotypes, peer pressure, how they see themselves, and how they think others see them. This article describes how school and public librarians can help raise the literacy efforts of young African American males. It cites the need for libraries to…
Descriptors: School Libraries, Public Libraries, African Americans, Males
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Jones, M. Gail; Childers, Gina; Emig, Brandon; Chevrier, Joël; Tan, Hong; Stevens, Vanessa; List, Jonathan – Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness, 2014
Traditional science instruction is typically reliant on visual modes of learning, such as textbooks and graphs. Furthermore, since science instruction is often heavily dependent upon visual cues, students with visual impairment often do not have access to the same educational opportunities in most science classes (Jones, Minogue, Oppewal, Cook,…
Descriptors: Visual Impairments, Blindness, Science Instruction, Teaching Methods
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Clauset, Karl H.; Murphy, Carlene U. – Journal of Staff Development, 2012
Through learning communities, schools can change to strengthen educator practice and improve student learning outcomes. So can districts. For 20 years, the authors have helped states, districts, and schools in the United States and Canada implement Whole-Faculty Study Groups, a design for learning communities. During the 2010-11 school year, they…
Descriptors: Communities of Practice, Faculty Development, Teacher Collaboration, Inquiry
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Behnke, Andrew O.; Gonzalez, Laura M.; Cox, Ronald B. – Hispanic Journal of Behavioral Sciences, 2010
Latino youth are more likely than any other ethnic group to drop out of high school in the United States. Though some research has helped us understand the factors leading to dropout, very few studies have assessed Latino student's opinions of services and factors that would help them stay in school (e.g., family, school, peers, and policies).…
Descriptors: Ethnic Groups, Pregnancy, After School Programs, Peer Influence
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Glennie, Elizabeth; Bonneau, Kara; vanDellen, Michelle; Dodge, Kenneth A. – Teachers College Record, 2012
Background/Context: Efforts to improve student achievement should increase graduation rates. However, work investigating the effects of student-level accountability has consistently demonstrated that increases in the standards for high school graduation are correlated with increases in dropout rates. The most favored explanation for this finding…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, High Stakes Tests, School Districts, Graduation
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Taggart, Robert – American Educational History Journal, 2004
The once all black Howard High School in Wilmington, Delaware, has had a long and interesting past. For more than a century, the high school attempted to maintain a strong academic core amidst pressure from the white community to become a vocational or "industrial" school, following the Tuskegee model. In this article, the author…
Descriptors: High Schools, School Segregation, African American Students, Vocational Education
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Gelber, Scott – History of Education Quarterly, 2011
This article focuses on historical admissions policies and offers a more nuanced and more substantial treatment of the relationship between Populism and higher education. Prior accounts of admissions in the late nineteenth century have sensibly focused upon the tension between secondary school leaders who were mindful of their multiple…
Descriptors: College Admission, Admission Criteria, Selective Admission, Land Grant Universities
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Milner, Joseph O. – Educational Horizons, 2007
The rush of jobs from the United States to other nations has been explained by the Bush administration as a win-win situation for both technically advanced and developing countries. The free-market argument claims that the more sophisticated, complex jobs generated by an avalanche of new industries will be won by a well-trained, highly educated…
Descriptors: Global Approach, Academic Standards, Labor Force Development, Educational Change
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Krufka, Alison; Evarts, Susan; Wilson, Chester – Journal of College Science Teaching, 2007
The case presented in this article is an exploration of the process of natural selection using white clover ("Trifolium repens") as an example. In general, two forms of white clover can be found around the world in various habitats. One type has plain green leaves and the other type produces cyanide as a defense against herbivores and…
Descriptors: Evolution, Case Studies, Plants (Botany), High Schools