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Ahn, Tom – Education Finance and Policy, 2017
Accountability systems are designed to introduce market pressures to increase efficiency in education. One potential channel by which this can occur is to match with effective teachers in the transfer market. I use a smooth maximum score estimator model, North Carolina data, and the state's bonus system to analyze how teachers and schools change…
Descriptors: Accountability, Teacher Effectiveness, Competition, Teacher Placement
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Militello, Matthew; Militello, Luke – Educational Forum, 2013
Recent educational accountability efforts have married student assessments with reform mandates and sanctions. As a result, students--beginning in early elementary grades--are feeling the pressures of this new era of high-stakes accountability. This article chronicles a story of the consequences of high-stakes testing on a father and his son.…
Descriptors: High Stakes Tests, Accountability, Student Evaluation, Educational Assessment
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Lauen, Douglas Lee; Gaddis, S. Michael – Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis, 2016
Despite common conceptions, evidence on whether No Child Left Behind (NCLB) has had adverse effects for low achieving students is mixed. We hypothesize that the incentive to shift attention away from the lowest achieving students increases with the rigor of state standards. Using panel data from students in North Carolina, we exploit two natural…
Descriptors: Accountability, Academic Standards, Mathematics Achievement, High Achievement
Lauen, Douglas Lee; Gaddis, S. Michael – Society for Research on Educational Effectiveness, 2012
This study aims to determine whether educational accountability promotes educational triage. This study exploits a natural experiment in North Carolina in which standards increased first in math in 2006 and second in reading in 2008 to determine whether an increase in educational standards caused an increase in educational triage at the expense of…
Descriptors: Educational Improvement, Low Achievement, Academic Achievement, Academic Standards
Nichols, Sharon L.; Glass, Gene V.; Berliner, David C. – Education Policy Research Unit, 2005
Under the federal No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (NCLB), standardized test scores are the indicator used to hold schools and school districts accountable for student achievement. Each state is responsible for constructing an accountability system, attaching consequences--or stakes--for student performance. The theory of action implied by this…
Descriptors: High Stakes Tests, Standardized Tests, Academic Achievement, Federal Legislation
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Pratt, Timothy – Education Next, 2017
Community colleges, with their commitment to open access, admit millions of students each year who are unprepared for college-level work, even though they have earned a high-school diploma. For decades the schools had a built-in base of students attracted to their open doors and relative affordability. But enrollment at public two-year college has…
Descriptors: Community Colleges, Access to Education, Disadvantaged, Funding Formulas
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Orsini, Muhsin Michael; Wyrick, David L.; Hansen, William B.; O'Sullivan, Rita G.; Hallfors, Denise; Steckler, Allan B.; Ridenour, Ty A. – Health Education, 2019
Purpose: Alcohol, tobacco, marijuana and other drugs use typically increases in prevalence and frequency during middle and late adolescence. School health instruction often focusses on providing facts and rarely provides tools for addressing the psychosocial risk factors needed to prevent substance use. The purpose of this paper is to report about…
Descriptors: Alcohol Education, Drug Education, Incidence, Prevention
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Kretchmar, Jen; Farmer, Steve – Journal of College Admission, 2013
At many of the colleges and universities that attract the most applicants, the high-school course of study is a critical component of the evaluation. Many schools advise their candidates that they must take the most difficult course of study available at their high schools to have a chance of earning admission. Students can feel intense pressure…
Descriptors: Role, High Schools, College Admission, Advanced Placement Programs
Gershenson, Seth – W. E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research, 2015
The 2001 No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB) increased accountability pressure in U.S. public schools by threatening to impose sanctions on Title 1 schools that failed to make adequate yearly progress (AYP) in consecutive years. Difference-in-difference estimates of the effect of failing AYP in the first year of NCLB on teacher effort in the…
Descriptors: Accountability, Educational Legislation, Federal Legislation, Teacher Attendance
Wolf, Patrick J.; Egalite, Anna J. – Friedman Foundation for Educational Choice, 2016
This report summarizes the state of competition in American K-12 education. It pays particular attention to the prevalence and market penetration of charter schools, private school vouchers, and tax-credit scholarships as market reforms. The effect of added institutional competition from charters, vouchers, and tax-credit scholarships on the…
Descriptors: School Choice, Elementary Secondary Education, Educational Change, Competition
Mason, Janet Harmon – ProQuest LLC, 2010
The purpose of this study was to explore the impact of high-stakes testing and accountability on teachers' perceptions of their professional identities. Teachers' instructional practice, work environments, and personal factors are now immersed in the context of high-stakes testing and accountability. This context colors the decisions teachers make…
Descriptors: Report Cards, Teacher Effectiveness, Testing, High Stakes Tests
Hodges, Janice; Pringle, Lajuan S. – School Library Monthly, 2013
The African American male psyche is a complicated multi-layered mixture of outside media influences, stereotypes, peer pressure, how they see themselves, and how they think others see them. This article describes how school and public librarians can help raise the literacy efforts of young African American males. It cites the need for libraries to…
Descriptors: School Libraries, Public Libraries, African Americans, Males
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Jones, M. Gail; Childers, Gina; Emig, Brandon; Chevrier, Joël; Tan, Hong; Stevens, Vanessa; List, Jonathan – Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness, 2014
Traditional science instruction is typically reliant on visual modes of learning, such as textbooks and graphs. Furthermore, since science instruction is often heavily dependent upon visual cues, students with visual impairment often do not have access to the same educational opportunities in most science classes (Jones, Minogue, Oppewal, Cook,…
Descriptors: Visual Impairments, Blindness, Science Instruction, Teaching Methods
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Clauset, Karl H.; Murphy, Carlene U. – Journal of Staff Development, 2012
Through learning communities, schools can change to strengthen educator practice and improve student learning outcomes. So can districts. For 20 years, the authors have helped states, districts, and schools in the United States and Canada implement Whole-Faculty Study Groups, a design for learning communities. During the 2010-11 school year, they…
Descriptors: Communities of Practice, Faculty Development, Teacher Collaboration, Inquiry
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Behnke, Andrew O.; Gonzalez, Laura M.; Cox, Ronald B. – Hispanic Journal of Behavioral Sciences, 2010
Latino youth are more likely than any other ethnic group to drop out of high school in the United States. Though some research has helped us understand the factors leading to dropout, very few studies have assessed Latino student's opinions of services and factors that would help them stay in school (e.g., family, school, peers, and policies).…
Descriptors: Ethnic Groups, Pregnancy, After School Programs, Peer Influence
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