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ERIC Number: EJ965572
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2012-Apr
Pages: 14
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0022-0167
Recognizing Social Class in the Psychotherapy Relationship: A Grounded Theory Exploration of Low-Income Clients
Thompson, Mindi N.; Cole, Odessa D.; Nitzarim, Rachel S.
Journal of Counseling Psychology, v59 n2 p208-221 Apr 2012
The process of psychotherapy among 16 low-income clients was explored using grounded theory (Charmaz, 2006; Glaser & Strauss, 1967) in order to understand and identify their unique experiences and needs. Semistructured interviews were conducted with 12 women and 4 men who had attended at least 6 sessions of psychotherapy within 6 months of the interview. Our grounded theory that evolved depicted a tapestry of the dynamic process by which low-income clients experience social class within psychotherapy. Specific therapist behaviors that contribute to more and less positive experiences emerged from the data and pointed to the importance of acknowledging social class within the therapy room. The significance of therapists enhancing the 50-min hour via advocacy and meaningful moments within and outside of the therapy room was highlighted among all participants. Implications for practice with low-income clients and directions for future research are provided. (Contains 1 footnote and 1 figure.)
American Psychological Association. Journals Department, 750 First Street NE, Washington, DC 20002-4242. Tel: 800-374-2721; Tel: 202-336-5510; Fax: 202-336-5502; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A