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ERIC Number: EJ785558
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Feb
Pages: 26
Abstractor: Author
ISSN: ISSN-0749-596X
Gesturing on the Telephone: Independent Effects of Dialogue and Visibility
Bavelas, Janet; Gerwing, Jennifer; Sutton, Chantelle; Prevost, Danielle
Journal of Memory and Language, v58 n2 p495-520 Feb 2008
Speakers often gesture in telephone conversations, even though they are not visible to their addressees. To test whether this effect is due to being in a dialogue, we separated visibility and dialogue with three conditions: face-to-face dialogue (10 dyads), telephone dialogue (10 dyads), and monologue to a tape recorder (10 individuals). For the rate of gesturing, both dialogue and visibility had significant, independent effects, with the telephone condition consistently higher than the tape recorder. Also, as predicted, visibility alone significantly affected "how" speakers gestured: face-to-face speakers were more likely to make life-size gestures, to put information in their gestures that was not in their words, to make verbal reference to their gestures, and to use more gestures referring to the interaction itself. We speculate that "demonstration," as a modality, may underlie these findings and may be intimately tied to dialogue while being suppressed in monologue.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A