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Granich, Joanna; Lin, Ashleigh; Hunt, Anna; Wray, John; Dass, Alena; Whitehouse, Andrew J. O. – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2016
Weight status on children and youth with autism spectrum disorder is limited. We examined the prevalence of overweight/obesity in children and youth with autism spectrum disorder, and associations between weight status and range of factors. Children and youth with autism spectrum disorder aged 2-16 years (n = 208) and their parents participated in…
Descriptors: Obesity, Body Weight, Children, Adolescents
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Kanfiszer, Lucie; Davies, Fran; Collins, Suzanne – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2017
Existing literature exploring autism spectrum disorders within female populations predominantly utilises quantitative methodology. A limited number of small-scale, qualitative studies have explored the experiences of adolescent girls with autism spectrum disorder, but adult women have remained largely unheard. This study aims to broaden the…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Females, Experience
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Syriopoulou-Delli, Christine K.; Polychronopoulou, Stavroula A.; Kolaitis, Gerasimos A.; Antoniou, Alexandros-Stamatios G. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
People with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) exhibit comorbidity with anxiety. The aim of this study was the investigation of the perception of teachers on anxiety in school children with ASD. The Scale Teacher Response (SAS-TR) questionnaire was completed by 291 special education and 118 general education teachers, providing data on students in…
Descriptors: Teacher Attitudes, Anxiety, Intelligence Quotient, Correlation
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Morán, María Lucía; Gómez, Laura E.; Alcedo, María Ángeles; Pedrosa, Ignacio – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
The aim of this study was to delve into the role of gender differences in social inclusion of children and youth with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and intellectual disability (ID). A sample of 420 participants with ASD and ID aged between 4 and 21 years was evaluated using the ASD-KidsLife Scale. Females obtained lower scores in most of the…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Inclusion
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Matheis, Maya; Matson, Johnny L.; Hong, Esther; Cervantes, Paige E. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
A growing body of research suggests that symptoms of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) may present differently in males and females. This study examined gender differences in ASD symptoms and developmental functioning, using the "Baby and Infant Screen for Children with aUtism Traits, Part 1" (BISCUIT-Part 1) and the "Battelle…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Gender Differences, Symptoms (Individual Disorders)
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Smerbeck, A. – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2019
Restricted interests are an established diagnostic symptom of autism spectrum disorder. While there is considerable evidence that these interests have maladaptive consequences, they also provide a range of benefits. This article introduces a new instrument, the Survey of Favorite Interests and Activities, and uses it to examine the nature of…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Interests, Symptoms (Individual Disorders)
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Healy, Seán; Aigner, Carrie J.; Haegele, Justin A. – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2019
The purpose of this study was to examine current overweight and obesity prevalence rates among US youth (aged 10-17 years) with and without autism spectrum disorder, based on the 2016 National Survey of Children's Health. Analyses of weight status, derived from parent-reported height and weight measures, were conducted for a weighted sample of…
Descriptors: Incidence, Obesity, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Ecker, Christine – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2017
Autism spectrum disorder is a complex neurodevelopmental disorder, which is accompanied by differences in brain anatomy, functioning and brain connectivity. Due to its neurodevelopmental character, and the large phenotypic heterogeneity among individuals on the autism spectrum, the neurobiology of autism spectrum disorder is inherently difficult…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Diagnostic Tests, Brain Hemisphere Functions
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Harrop, Clare; Green, Jonathan; Hudry, Kristelle – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2017
While sex differences in play have been extensively observed in typical development, only a handful of studies have explored this phenomenon in depth with children with autism spectrum disorders. This study explored sex differences in play complexity and toy engagement within caregiver-child interaction samples for preschool-aged children (2-5…
Descriptors: Play, Toys, Preschool Children, Autism
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Sutherland, Rebecca; Hodge, Antoinette; Bruck, Susan; Costley, Debra; Klieve, Helen – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2017
More boys than girls are diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder; however, there are conflicting findings about whether they differ in their presentation. This study involved a survey of parents of school-aged children on the autism spectrum (171 parents of girls and 163 parents of boys) that was distributed via social media. The surveys provided…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Gender Differences, Parent Surveys
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McCue, Lena M.; Flick, Louise H.; Twyman, Kimberly A.; Xian, Hong – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2017
Sleep disorders often co-occur with autism spectrum disorder. They further exacerbate autism spectrum disorder symptoms and interfere with children's and parental quality of life. This study examines whether gastrointestinal dysfunctions increase the odds of having sleep disorders in 610 children with idiopathic autism spectrum disorder, aged 2-18…
Descriptors: Risk, Sleep, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Vierck, Esther; Silverman, Jeremy M. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2015
Two modes of inheritance have been proposed in autism spectrum disorder, transmission though pre-existing variants and de novo mutations. Different modes may lead to different symptom expressions in affected individuals. De novo mutations become more likely with advancing paternal age suggesting that paternal age may predict phenotypic…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Differences, Fathers
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Kauschke, Christina; van der Beek, Bettina; Kamp-Becker, Inge – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2016
Since gender differences in the symptomatology of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are not well understood, the current study examines the communicative skills of males and females with ASD. Narrative competence and internal state language (ISL) was investigated using narrations elicited by a wordless picture book. 11 girls and 11 boys with ASD and…
Descriptors: Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Autism, Gender Differences, Communicative Competence (Languages)
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Dewinter, J.; De Graaf, H.; Begeer, S. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2017
This study compared sexual orientation and romantic relationship experience in a large sample of adolescents and adults with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) (n = 675) and general population peers (n = 8064). Gender identity was explored in the ASD group in relation to assigned gender at birth. Compared to general population peers, more people with…
Descriptors: Sexual Orientation, Intimacy, Interpersonal Relationship, Adolescents
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Pathak, Manina; Bennett, Amanda; Shui, Amy M. – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2019
Children with autism spectrum disorder have deficits in adaptive functioning. This study examines the adaptive behavior, its association with cognitive ability, gender, age, and symptom severity in children with autism spectrum disorder. Using data from Autism Treatment Network registry, the adaptive behavior profiles were examined in 2538…
Descriptors: Adjustment (to Environment), Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Child Behavior
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