ERIC Number: EJ735212
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2005-Jun
Reference Count: 0
Alternative Factor Models and Factorial Invariance of the GHQ-12: A Large Sample Analysis Using Confirmatory Factor Analysis
Shevlin, Mark; Adamson, Gary
Psychological Assessment, v17 n2 p231-236 Jun 2005
This study tested alternative factor models of the General Health Questionnaire-12 (GHQ-12), based on previous research findings, with a large sample using confirmatory factor analysis. An alternative models framework was used to test 6 factor analytic models. A 3-factor model was the best explanation of the sample data. The 3 factors were labeled Anxiety-Depression, Social Dysfunction, and Loss of Confidence. The model was found to be factorially invariant between men and women. The utility of the 3 subscales, as opposed to the total GHQ-12 score, is questioned as they appear to provide little information beyond that of a general factor.
Descriptors: Models, Factor Analysis, Factor Structure, Mental Health, Questionnaires, Anxiety, Depression (Psychology), Self Esteem, Interpersonal Competence
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A