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ERIC Number: EJ1001826
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013
Pages: 7
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0160-2896
Non-"g" Residuals of the SAT and ACT Predict Specific Abilities
Coyle, Thomas R.; Purcell, Jason M.; Snyder, Anissa C.; Kochunov, Peter
Intelligence, v41 n2 p114-120 Mar-Apr 2013
This research examined whether non-"g" residuals of the SAT and ACT subtests, obtained after removing g, predicted specific abilities. Non-"g" residuals of the verbal and math subtests of the SAT and ACT were correlated with academic (verbal and math) and non-academic abilities (speed and shop), both based on the Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery. Non-"g" residuals of the SAT and ACT math subtests were positively related to math ability and negatively to verbal ability, whereas the opposite pattern was found for the verbal subtests. Non-"g" residuals of both sets of subtests were weakly related to non-academic abilities. The results support an investment theory of skills and abilities: Investing in skills in one area (e.g., math) improves abilities in that area but lowers abilities in competing areas (e.g., verbal). (Contains 2 tables and 1 figure.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: ACT Assessment; Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery; SAT (College Admission Test)