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O' Brien, Wesley; Belton, Sarahjane; Issartel, Johann – Physical Education and Sport Pedagogy, 2016
Background: Literature suggests that physical education programmes ought to provide intense instruction towards basic movement skills needed to enjoy a variety of physical activities. Fundamental movement skills (FMS) are basic observable patterns of behaviour present from childhood to adulthood (e.g. run, skip and kick). Recent evidence indicates…
Descriptors: Physical Education, Adolescents, Youth, Physical Activities
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Rudd, J. R.; Barnett, L. M.; Farrow, D.; Berry, J.; Borkoles, E.; Polman, Remco – Measurement in Physical Education and Exercise Science, 2017
This study evaluated the effectiveness of an 8-week gymnastics curriculum on children's movement competence and their physical self-concept. There were 113 children (46% girls, 49% intervention) with a mean age of 9.4 years (SD = 1.8) that participated. Intervention children underwent 8 weeks of gymnastics and the comparison group continued with…
Descriptors: Skill Development, Self Concept, Athletics, Physical Education
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Pienaar, Anita E.; van Reenen, Irma; Weber, Angelique M. – Early Child Development and Care, 2016
Background: Motor competence is emerging as an important marker of health, while adequate basic movement patterns, body control and body awareness are important building blocks of more specialized body movements and scholastic adjustment during early childhood. This study examined fundamental movement skill competency and explored sex differences…
Descriptors: Case Studies, Statistical Analysis, Gender Differences, Qualitative Research
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Slotte, Sari; Sääkslahti, Arja; Metsämuuronen, Jari; Rintala, Pauli – Early Child Development and Care, 2015
Objective: The main aim was to examine the association between fundamental movement skills (FMS) and objectively measured body composition using dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA). Methods: A study of 304 eight-year-old children in Finland. FMS were assessed with the "Test of gross motor development," 2nd ed. Total body fat…
Descriptors: Correlation, Psychomotor Skills, Human Body, Body Composition
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van Aart, I.; Hartman, E.; Elferink-Gemser, M.; Mombarg, R.; Visscher, C. – Physical Education and Sport Pedagogy, 2017
Background: Many children aged 9-12 appear to have low levels of fundamental movement skills (FMS). Physical education (PE) is important because PE-teachers can teach children a variety of FMS and can influence PE-motivation. However, declined levels of PE-motivation are reported in the final grades of elementary school. Therefore, more insight in…
Descriptors: Psychological Needs, Physical Education, Preadolescents, Males
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Palmer, Kara K.; Matsuyama, Abigail L.; Irwin, J. Megan; Porter, Jared M.; Robinson, Leah E. – Physical Education and Sport Pedagogy, 2017
Background and purpose: Attentional focus cues have been shown to impact motor performance of adults and children. Specifically, an external focus of attention results in improved motor learning and performance as compared to adopting an internal focus of attention. The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of an internal and external…
Descriptors: Physical Education, Attention Control, Motor Reactions, Psychomotor Skills