ERIC Number: EJ771570
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007
A Response to Kirsten Fink-Jensen, "Attunement and Bodily Dialogues in Music Education"
Leist, Christine Pollard
Philosophy of Music Education Review, v15 n1 p76-80 Spr 2007
Kirsten Fink-Jensen offers music educators new insights on lesson planning and engagement with students through careful observation and reflective interpretation of active student involvement in music. She suggests that the phenomenon of musical attunement, including facial expressions, gestures, language, and movements that are articulated through the use of form, timing, and intensity, enables communication. These communicative expressions should be considered as bodily dialogues with the music, between the student and teacher, and among peers. Subsequently, the music educator can use knowledge of the student, observation of the musical attunement, and active engagement to interpret and analyze the student's relationship to the music. As a music therapist, I am interested in how clients engage with music particularly those clients for whom music is their most powerful means of interaction with the world. I believe that the most effective music therapy treatment session and relationship is one that serves as a metaphor for everyday living. To this end, I am interested in functional outcomes for clients. For example, a person with a brain injury who can hold a mallet while playing a xylophone may have increased success with grasping skills needed for everyday life. Similarly, a person who finds her voice, both in music and in words, in a group psychotherapy session may be better able to interact in her home, work, and social environment. Through a music therapy group experience, a person with terminal illness who reveals his concerns about leaving his partner alone following death may be better able to have a good death when the time comes for the transition. So, I believe that what needs to happen in therapy for functional outcomes happens within and due to the music itself; therefore, the concept of attunement is of importance to music therapy.
Descriptors: Psychotherapy, Music, Music Teachers, Group Experience, Group Therapy, Music Education, Music Therapy, Lesson Plans, Nonverbal Communication, Outcomes of Treatment, Counseling Techniques
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
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