ERIC Number: ED208775
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981
State Need-Based College Scholarship and Grant Programs: A Study of Their Development, 1969-1980. College Board Report No. 81-7.
Fenske, Robert H.; Boyd, Joseph D.
Trends in state comprehensive programs of gift (nonrepayable) from 1969-70 through 1979-80 and the relationship of state student aid with funding for institutional operations and with federal programs were studied. The relatively small number of scholarships and grants were included with the need-based grants in the analysis. The first stage of program growth and development is identified as the period from 1969-70 through 1973-74, when many states perceived the need to provide, through their own resources, for the primary goals of wide access to higher education and reasonable choice of institutions. The number of states with programs increased from 19 to 28 during this period. The federal State Scholarships Incentive Grant program enacted in 1972 promoted state-federal aid for undergraduate students, and by 1980 all states were directly involved in student aid. A marked imbalance has been demonstrated in the level of funding and the number of awards provided among the states. In all but one of the 11 years analyzed, the five largest states in terms of dollars awarded were, in order, New York, Pennsylvania, Illinois, California, and New Jersey. The variables of number of years in operations, size of program, and the state's index of effort were used to define three groups of states, which were termed "established,""evolving," and "emerging." With additional federal programs, the percentage of all taxpayer gift aid need-based dollars appropriated by the state has dropped since 1974-75. In 1979-80, states provided an estimated 23.3 percent compared to the 96.7 percent provided by the federal government. Data by states are appended. (SW)
Descriptors: Access to Education, College Students, Comparative Analysis, Federal Programs, Grants, Higher Education, Need Analysis (Student Financial Aid), Scholarships, State Aid, State Federal Aid, State Surveys, Student Financial Aid, Trend Analysis
College Board Publication Orders, Box 2815, Princeton, NJ 08541 ($4.00).
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Numerical/Quantitative Data
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: College Entrance Examination Board, New York, NY.