ERIC Number: ED568946
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2016
Abstractor: As Provided
Fourth Graders and Non-Routine Problems: Are Strategies Decisive for Success?
Online Submission, European Journal of Education Studies v2 n4 p100-120 2016
This study aims to determine the explanatory and discriminative powers of non-routine problem solving strategies used by fourth graders. Six problems were asked to 240 pupils. After scoring answers between 0 and 10, bottom and top segments of 27% were determined based on total scores. Lastly, all scripts of students in these segments were re-scored with regard to strategy use. Multiple regression and discriminant analysis were utilized to evaluate data. Results showed that strategies explain 84% of the problem solving success, and their importance order is as follows: look for a pattern, work backward, make a systematic list, make a drawing, guess and check and simplify the problem. Strategies which play a significant role in distinguishing students are look for a pattern, make a systematic list, work backward, simplify the problem, make a drawing, respectively. Further researches using more problems, and examining students of different grades are suggested. An example of a problem-solving test is appended.
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Elementary School Students, Grade 4, Primary Education, Problem Solving, Learning Strategies, Mathematics Education, Mathematics Tests, Scores, Multiple Regression Analysis, Discriminant Analysis, Pattern Recognition, Freehand Drawing, Mathematics Skills, Factor Analysis
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education; Grade 4; Intermediate Grades; Primary Education; Early Childhood Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Turkey