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Balooch, Siavash Bandarian; Neumann, David L. – Learning and Motivation, 2011
The ABA renewal procedure involves pairing a conditional stimulus (CS) and an unconditional stimulus (US) in one context (A), presenting extinction trials of the CS alone in a second context (B), and nonreinforced test trials of the CS in the acquisition context (A). The renewal of extinguished conditioned behaviour is observed during test. The…
Descriptors: Conditioning, Fear, Learning Processes, Evaluation Methods
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Pearson, Elissa; Dorrian, Jillian; Litchfield, Carla – Environmental Education Research, 2011
Many animals are currently facing extinction. Conservation education which highlights the impacts of our behaviour on other species survival is crucial. This study provides evidence for the use of visual media to increase knowledge, attitudes and conservation behaviours regarding the highly endangered orangutan. University students (n = 126) were…
Descriptors: Video Technology, Conservation Education, Visual Aids, Animals
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Zalla, Tiziana; Sav, Anca-Maria; Leboyer, Marion – Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 2009
In the present study, performance of a group of adults with Asperger Syndrome (AS) on two series of object reversal and extinction was compared with that of a group of adults with typical development. Participants were requested to learn a stimulus-reward association rule and monitor changes in reward value of stimuli in order to gain as many…
Descriptors: Stimuli, Autism, Asperger Syndrome, Interpersonal Relationship
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Broomfield, Laura; McHugh, Louise; Reed, Phil – Research in Developmental Disabilities: A Multidisciplinary Journal, 2008
Stimulus over-selectivity occurs when one of potentially many aspects of the environment comes to control behaviour. In two experiments, adults with no developmental disabilities, were trained and tested in an automated match to samples (MTS) paradigm. In Experiment 1, participants completed two conditions, in one of which the over-selected…
Descriptors: Cues, Developmental Disabilities, Experiments, Stimuli
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Richdale, Amanda; Wiggs, Luci – International Journal of Behavioral Consultation and Therapy, 2005
This paper reviews behavioral treatments for sleep problems in children with a developmental disorder (DD). Sleep problems are common in children with a DD and children's sleep problems may be associated with adverse consequences including behaviour problems, compromised daytime functioning and family stress. However, the sleep intervention…
Descriptors: Sleep, Behavior Modification, Children, Developmental Disabilities
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Neumann, David L. – Learning and Motivation, 2007
The renewal of extinguished conditioned behaviour appears to reflect context-dependent learning. The present research used a conditioned suppression task with humans to examine whether instructions concerning the context could influence renewal. Pairings of a conditional stimulus (CS) and unconditional stimulus (US) were made in one context,…
Descriptors: Cues, Conditioning, Experiments, Context Effect
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Duker, P. – Journal of Mental Deficiency Research, 1975
Descriptors: Behavior Change, Children, Exceptional Child Research, Extinction (Psychology)