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Stichter, Janine P.; Christ, Shawn E.; Herzog, Melissa J.; O'Donnell, Rose M.; O'Connor, Karen V. – Assessment for Effective Intervention, 2016
Numerous research groups have consistently called for increased rigor within the evaluation of social programming to better understand pivotal factors to treatment outcomes. The underwhelming data on the essential features of social competence programs for students with behavior challenges may, in part, be attributed to the manner by which…
Descriptors: Intelligence Tests, Executive Function, Interpersonal Competence, Adolescents
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Endedijk, Hinke; Denessen, Eddie; Hendriks, Angelique W. – Learning and Individual Differences, 2011
Despite the fact that homework forms an important cornerstone of student development, many students fail to capitalize on the long-term benefits of doing homework. Several executive skills, including cognitive flexibility, monitoring and planning are suggested as prerequisites for the completion of homework. It follows that homework difficulties…
Descriptors: Homework, Autism, Grade 8, Student Development
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White, Lisa J.; Greenfield, Daryl B. – Developmental Science, 2017
A growing percentage of low-income children in the United States come from Spanish-speaking homes and are dual language learners (DLLs). Recent research shows that bilingual children, compared to monolinguals, have enhanced executive functioning (EF), a set of foundational cognitive skills that predict higher social-emotional competence and…
Descriptors: Executive Function, Preschool Children, Disadvantaged Youth, Spanish Speaking
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Sorge, Geoff B.; Toplak, Maggie E.; Bialystok, Ellen – Developmental Science, 2017
Attention difficulty is associated with poor performance on executive functioning (EF) tasks, yet EF is enhanced in bilingual children. However, no research to date has investigated the possible interaction between bilingualism and attention ability in children to determine the consequences for EF when both are present. We assessed a sample of…
Descriptors: Executive Function, Bilingualism, Attention Control, Children
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Poulin-Dubois, Diane; Blaye, Agnes; Coutya, Julie; Bialystok, Ellen – Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 2011
Bilingual children have been shown to outperform monolingual children on tasks measuring executive functioning skills. This advantage is usually attributed to bilinguals' extensive practice in exercising selective attention and cognitive flexibility during language use because both languages are active when one of them is being used. We examined…
Descriptors: Attention, Monolingualism, Bilingualism, Toddlers
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Neely, Rachel Jane; Green, Jessica Leigh; Sciberras, Emma; Hazell, Philip; Anderson, Vicki – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2016
This study examined relationships between executive functioning (EF) and ADHD/ASD symptoms in 339 6-8 year-old children to characterise EF profiles associated with ADHD and ADHD + ASD. ADHD status was assessed using screening surveys and diagnostic interviews. ASD symptoms were measured using the Social Communication Questionnaire, and children…
Descriptors: Correlation, Executive Function, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Lund, Tony; Walker, Mimi – Science Teacher, 2015
To address the needs of the high population of students with learning disabilities at their school, the author and a colleague created an inclusion science class that focuses on active, hands-on science. The course prepares students of various learning abilities for the state-mandated end-of-course biology assessment. Many of their students have…
Descriptors: Science Instruction, Teaching Methods, Learning Disabilities, Inclusion
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Samuelson, Kristin W.; Krueger, Casey E.; Wilson, Christina – Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 2012
Recently researchers have begun to explore the extent to which children's cognitive development is influenced by experiences in the family environment. Assessing mother-child dyads exposed to intimate partner violence (IPV), a population at risk for emotional and neurocognitive problems, we examined relationships between maternal emotional…
Descriptors: Parent Child Relationship, Males, Family Environment, Parenting Styles
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Kalashnikova, Marina; Mattock, Karen – International Journal of Bilingual Education and Bilingualism, 2014
Previous research has demonstrated that being bilingual from birth is advantageous for the development of skills of social cognition, executive functioning, and metalinguistic awareness due to bilingual children's extensive experience of processing and manipulating two linguistic systems. The present study investigated whether these cognitive…
Descriptors: Bilingualism, Executive Function, Receptive Language, English
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Linck, Jared A.; Weiss, Daniel J. – SAGE Open, 2015
The role of executive functioning in second language (L2) aptitude remains unclear. Whereas some studies report a relationship between working memory (WM) and L2 learning, others have argued against this association. Similarly, being bilingual appears to benefit inhibitory control, and individual differences in inhibitory control are related to…
Descriptors: Short Term Memory, Inhibition, Predictor Variables, Second Language Learning
Mushamba, Ashley; Burney, Sonya Franklin; Kent, Jacqueline – ProQuest LLC, 2017
This mixed methods study examined the impact of School Y's Montessori approach on their students' academic achievement, perceptions of executive functioning skills, and the school's culture. The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of length of enrollment on academic achievement in a Montessori upper elementary and middle school…
Descriptors: Montessori Method, Achievement Tests, Executive Function, Scores
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van de Sande, Eva; Segers, Eliane; Verhoeven, Ludo – Early Education and Development, 2018
The current study used a dyadic and coconstructive approach to examine how to embed exercises that support executive functioning into early literacy instruction to empower its effects. Using a randomized controlled trial design with 100 children, we examined the effects of dyadic activities in which children scaffolded each other's learning and…
Descriptors: Kindergarten, Executive Function, Literacy Education, Emergent Literacy
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Siegel, Jaclyn Kahn – Journal of Media Literacy Education, 2017
This paper examines how an educator at a school for students with learning disabilities (LD) used various types of media to engage her students, to develop their academic and executive functioning skills, and to heighten their awareness of media literacy and the 2012 and 2106 Presidential elections. Teacher-created curriculum materials and…
Descriptors: Teaching Methods, Learning Disabilities, Media Literacy, Elections
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Dekker, M. C.; Ziermans, T. B.; Swaab, H. – Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 2016
Background: Little is known about the role of behavioural executive functioning (EF) skills and level of intelligence (IQ) on math abilities in children with mild to borderline intellectual disabilities. Method: Teachers of 63 children attending a school for special education (age: 10 to 13 years; IQ: 50 to 85) filled out a Behaviour Rating…
Descriptors: Executive Function, Intellectual Disability, Behavior Rating Scales, Mathematics Achievement
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Marshall, Seth – College Student Journal, 2016
More research is needed that investigates how positive psychology-associated traits are predicted by neurocognitive processes. Correspondingly, the purpose of this study was to ascertain how, and to what extent, four traits, namely, grit, optimism, positive affect, and life satisfaction were predicted by the executive functioning (EF) dimensions…
Descriptors: Predictor Variables, College Students, Psychology, Personality Traits
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