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Jenkins, Lyndsay N.; Demaray, Michelle K.; Tennant, Jaclyn – School Psychology Review, 2017
The purpose of the current study was to understand the association between bullying experiences (i.e., bullying, victimization, and defending) and social, emotional, and cognitive factors. The social factor was social skills (i.e., empathy, assertion, cooperation, responsibility); the emotional factor was emotional difficulties (i.e., personal…
Descriptors: Bullying, Victims, Social Influences, Emotional Response
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Yang, Xiujie; Chung, Kevin Kien Hoa; McBride, Catherine – Educational Psychology, 2019
One hundred sixty-five Hong Kong Chinese children were administered measures of early mathematics, visual-spatial skills, and executive functioning (working memory, inhibition, shifting, updating) once in kindergarten (mean age = 62.80 months, SD = 3.74) and again in first grade (mean age = 77.25 months, SD = 4.60). In kindergarten, visual-spatial…
Descriptors: Spatial Ability, Visual Perception, Mathematics Instruction, Longitudinal Studies
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Ng-Cordell, Elise; Hanley, Mary; Kelly, Alyssa; Riby, Deborah M. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2018
Anxiety is a prevalent mental health issue for individuals with Williams syndrome (WS). Relatively little is known about the developmental course of anxiety, or how it links with core features of WS, namely social and executive functioning (EF). In this study, parent-reports of anxiety were compared across a 4-year period (N = 17), and links…
Descriptors: Anxiety, Genetic Disorders, Comorbidity, Parent Attitudes
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Lee, Kerry; Bull, Rebecca; Ho, Ringo M. H. – Child Development, 2013
Although early studies of executive functioning in children supported Miyake et al.'s (2000) three-factor model, more recent findings supported a variety of undifferentiated or two-factor structures. Using a cohort-sequential design, this study examined whether there were age-related differences in the structure of executive functioning among…
Descriptors: Executive Function, Age Differences, Children, Adolescents
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Benson, Jeannette E.; Sabbagh, Mark A.; Carlson, Stephanie M.; Zelazo, Philip David – Developmental Psychology, 2013
Twenty-four 3.5-year-old children who initially showed poor performance on false-belief tasks participated in a training protocol designed to promote performance on these tasks. Our aim was to determine whether the extent to which children benefited from training was predicted by their performance on a battery of executive functioning tasks.…
Descriptors: Individual Differences, Theory of Mind, Executive Function, Prediction
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Bishara, Saied; Kaplan, Shani – World Journal of Education, 2016
The goal of the research was to examine executive functioning and figurative language comprehension among students with learning disabilities as compared to students without learning disabilities. As part of the research, we examined 20 students with learning disabilities and 21 students with no learning disabilities, both groups of students…
Descriptors: Executive Function, Learning Disabilities, Figurative Language, Grade 7
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Campbell, L. E.; McCabe, K. L.; Melville, J. L.; Strutt, P. A.; Schall, U. – Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 2015
Background: Social difficulties are often noted among people with intellectual disabilities. Children and adults with 22q.11.2 deletion syndrome (22q11DS) often have poorer social competence as well as poorer performance on measures of executive and social-cognitive skills compared with typically developing young people. However, the relationship…
Descriptors: Social Cognition, Executive Function, Interpersonal Competence, Adolescents
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Wilde, Lucy; Oliver, Chris – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2017
Everyday executive function (EF) was examined in Smith-Magenis syndrome (SMS), associated with high risk of behaviour disorder, and Down syndrome (DS), associated with relatively low risk of behaviour disorder. Caregivers of 13 children with SMS and 17 with DS rated everyday EF using the Behavioral Rating Inventory of Executive…
Descriptors: Down Syndrome, Executive Function, Behavior Disorders, Behavior Rating Scales
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Kirk, Hannah; Gray, Kylie; Ellis, Kirsten; Taffe, John; Cornish, Kim – American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 2017
Children with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) experience significant difficulties in attention, learning, executive functions, and behavioral regulation. Emerging evidence suggests that computerized cognitive training may remediate these impairments. In a double blind controlled trial, 76 children with IDD (4-11 years) were…
Descriptors: Attention Control, Training, Academic Achievement, Executive Function
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Kopelman-Rubin, Daphne; Klomek, Anat Brunstein; Al-Yagon, Michal; Mufson, Laura; Apter, Alan; Mikulincer, Mario – International Journal for Research in Learning Disabilities, 2017
This study examined the contribution of executive functioning (EF) to improvements in psychiatric symptomatology following I Can Succeed (ICS; Kopelman-Rubin, 2012) psychotherapy, a skill-enhancement intervention designed to target EF and socio-emotional aspects of specific learning disabilities (SLD). Forty adolescents with SLD underwent ICS in…
Descriptors: Executive Function, Psychopathology, Psychotherapy, Adolescents
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Bevins, Shelley; Hurse, Emily – British Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2016
The following article details a piece of service development work undertaken as part of the Plymouth Down Syndrome Screening Programme. The work aimed to review the use of three measures assessing executive functioning skills used within the Programme as well as with people without Down syndrome. Three tasks assessing executive functioning (the…
Descriptors: Executive Function, Intellectual Disability, Down Syndrome, Task Analysis
Duran, Chelsea A. K.; Byers, Anthony; Cameron, Claire E.; Grissmer, David – Grantee Submission, 2018
Research has illuminated contributions--usually modeled separately--of both executive functioning (EF) and visuomotor integration (VMI) to mathematical development in early elementary school. This study examined simultaneous associations of EF and VMI, measured at the beginning of the school year, with concurrent and later mathematics performance…
Descriptors: Primary Education, Elementary School Students, Low Income Groups, Grade 1
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Diaz, Vanessa; Farrar, M. Jeffrey – First Language, 2018
Bilingual children often show advanced executive functioning (EF) and false belief (FB) understanding compared to monolinguals. The latter has been attributed to their enhanced inhibitory control EF, although this has only been examined in a single study which did not confirm this hypothesis. The current study examined the relation of EF and…
Descriptors: Bilingualism, Monolingualism, Language Acquisition, Second Language Learning
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Kloo, Daniela; Kristen-Antonow, Susanne; Sodian, Beate – International Journal of Behavioral Development, 2020
In a longitudinal study (N = 54), we investigated the developmental relation between children's implicit and explicit theory of mind and executive functions. We found that implicit false belief understanding at 18 months was correlated with explicit false belief understanding at 4 to 5 years of age, with the latter being closely related to…
Descriptors: Executive Function, Theory of Mind, Beliefs, Young Children
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Aktan-Erciyes, Asli – Journal of Language and Linguistic Studies, 2020
The present study investigated the longitudinal effects of early exposure to L2-English on L1-Turkish language competence, narrative skills and executive functioning. We asked whether early immersion-like exposure to L2, starting around 3 years of age, would have reflections on L1 competence, L1 narrative skills and gains in cognitive flexibility.…
Descriptors: Longitudinal Studies, Second Language Learning, Native Language, English (Second Language)
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