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Jördens, Janina; Asshoff, Roman; Kullmann, Harald; Hammann, Marcus – International Journal of Science Education, 2016
Students' explanations of biological phenomena are frequently characterized by disconnects between levels and confusion of levels. The purpose of this research is to investigate the effects of a hands-on lab activity that aims at fostering the ability to reason across levels. A total of 197 students (18 years of age) participated in a randomized,…
Descriptors: Evolution, Foreign Countries, Science Instruction, Science Education
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Bland, Mark W.; Morrison, Elizabeth – American Biology Teacher, 2015
Evolution is widely regarded as biology's unifying theme, yet rates of rejection of evolutionary science remain high. Anecdotal evidence suggests that cognitive dissonance leading to an emotional response is a barrier to learning about and accepting evolution. We explored the hypothesis that students whose worldviews may be inconsistent with the…
Descriptors: Biology, Emotional Response, Evolution, Science Instruction
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Nunez, Elvis Enrique; Pringle, Rose M.; Showalter, Kevin Tyler – International Journal of Science Education, 2012
A survey of the literature on evolution instruction provides evidence that teachers' personal views and understandings can shape instructional approaches and content delivered in science classrooms regardless of established science standards. This study is the first to quantify evolutionary worldviews of in-service teachers in the Caribbean,…
Descriptors: Teaching Methods, Standardized Tests, Evolution, Biology
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Wiles, Jason R.; Alters, Brian – International Journal of Science Education, 2011
This investigation provides an extensive review of scientific, religious, and otherwise non-scientific factors that may influence student acceptance of biological evolution. We also measure the extent to which students' levels of acceptance changed following an educational experience designed to address an inclusive inventory of factors identified…
Descriptors: Evolution, Qualitative Research, Educational Experience, Biology
Bond, Timothy N.; Lang, Kevin – National Bureau of Economic Research, 2012
Although both economists and psychometricians typically treat them as interval scales, test scores are reported using ordinal scales. Using the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study and the Children of the National Longitudinal Survey, we examine the effect of order-preserving scale transformations on the evolution of the black-white reading test…
Descriptors: Reading Tests, Racial Differences, Scores, Early Childhood Education
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Kudrna, Jeremy; Shore, Marta; Wassenberg, Deena – American Biology Teacher, 2015
Anthropogenic climate change (ACC) and evolution are examples of issues that are perceived differently by scientists and the general public. Within the scientific community, there are clear consensuses that human activities are increasing global temperatures (ACC) and that evolutionary mechanisms have led to the biodiversity of life on Earth…
Descriptors: Climate, Evolution, Science Instruction, Comprehension
Borgonovi, Francesca; Choi, Álvaro; Paccagnella, Marco – OECD Publishing, 2018
Numeracy and literacy skills have become increasingly important in modern labour markets. The large gender differences that several studies have identified have therefore sparked considerable attention among researchers and policy makers. Little is known about the moment in which such gaps emerge, how they evolve and if their evolution differs…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, Numeracy, Mathematics Skills, Literacy
Alishahi, Afsoon – ProQuest LLC, 2019
The role that religion plays in the lives of humans is complex, contradictory, and deeply impactful. According to Allport (1979), religion has a paradoxical function in that it can either combat or contribute to prejudice. A meta-analysis by Hall, Matz, and Wood (2010) found a significant correlation between being deeply religious and having…
Descriptors: Religion, Social Bias, Correlation, Racial Bias
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Semak, M. R.; Dietz, R. D.; Pearson, R. H.; Willis, C. W – Physical Review Physics Education Research, 2017
The application of factor analysis to the "Force Concept Inventory" (FCI) has proven to be problematic. Some studies have suggested that factor analysis of test results serves as a helpful tool in assessing the recognition of Newtonian concepts by students. Other work has produced at best ambiguous results. For the FCI administered as a…
Descriptors: Science Instruction, Physics, Scientific Concepts, Pretests Posttests
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Barnes, Ralph M.; Church, Rebecca A. – Science & Education, 2013
In Study 1, 72 internet documents containing creationism, ID (intelligent design), or evolution content were selected for analysis. All instances of proof cognates (the word "proof" and related terms such as "proven", "disproof", etc.) contained within these documents were identified and labeled in terms of the manner in which the terms were used.…
Descriptors: Evolution, Internet, Qualitative Research, Data Analysis
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Stanger-Hall, Kathrin F.; Wenner, Julianne A. – American Biology Teacher, 2014
We assessed the performance of students with a self-reported conflict between their religious belief and the theory of evolution in two sections of a large introductory biology course (N = 373 students). Student performance was measured through pretest and posttest evolution essays and multiple- choice (MC) questions (evolution-related and…
Descriptors: Evolution, Religion, Conflict, Beliefs
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Fiedler, Daniela; Tröbst, Steffen; Harms, Ute – CBE - Life Sciences Education, 2017
Students of all ages face severe conceptual difficulties regarding key aspects of evolution-- the central, unifying, and overarching theme in biology. Aspects strongly related to abstract "threshold" concepts like randomness and probability appear to pose particular difficulties. A further problem is the lack of an appropriate instrument…
Descriptors: College Students, Concept Formation, Probability, Evolution
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Konnemann, Christiane; Höger, Christian; Asshoff, Roman; Hammann, Marcus; Rieß, Werner – Research in Science Education, 2018
This paper presents findings from a quasi-experimental study evaluating future teachers' attitudes and beliefs in response to a cross-curricular university course on evolution and creation bridging biological and Christian theological perspectives. Based on previous findings, we hypothesized that a course providing learning opportunities for…
Descriptors: Evolution, Religious Education, Science Education, Interdisciplinary Approach
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Kouchou, Ihsane; Kaddari, Fatiha; Bennis, Nezha; Elachqar, Abdelrhani – European Journal of Educational Research, 2019
Currently, it is taken for granted that teachers have to take into account the conceptions in order to achieve some efficient learning, the latter are generally resistant and may hinder the learning. Studies have shown that learning amounts to make conceptions evolve which play a determining role in the appropriation of scientific concepts such as…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, College Students, Student Attitudes, Scientific Concepts
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Belin, Charlie M.; Kisida, Brian – Educational Policy, 2015
This article explores the relationships between (a) the quality of state science standards and student science achievement, (b) the public's belief in teaching evolution and the quality of state standards, and (c) the public's belief in teaching evolution and student science achievement. Using multiple measures, we find no evidence of a…
Descriptors: Science Instruction, Science Achievement, State Standards, Evolution
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