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Urban, Klaus K. – Gifted Education International, 1988
European research and practice in gifted education vary by country, because of political, economical, and ideological influences. This paper examines activities in eastern and western European countries, emphasizing research activities in the Federal Republic of Germany, and outlines such controversial factors as equality of chances,…
Descriptors: Area Studies, Comparative Analysis, Economic Factors, Educational Philosophy
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Burbules, Nicholas C.; Densmore, Kathleen – Educational Policy, 1991
How professionalism functions as an ideology was a central theme of the authors' original essay. Because of hegemonic associations surrounding professionalism in this society, teacher professionalism would have consequences undermining the ends of democracy, equity, and cultural diversity that Gary Sykes proposes. Also, most current teachers would…
Descriptors: Elementary Secondary Education, Elitism, Ideology, Teacher Role
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Popkewitz, Thomas S.; Pitman, Allan – Curriculum and Teaching, 1986
Progress conceived as an open-ended movement to establish the goodness and sanctity of life is a potent myth underlying schooling. This paper provides some historical background to contemporary beliefs in change and social amelioration and shows the limitations of the progress notion as applied to American educational philosophy. Includes 34…
Descriptors: Beliefs, Educational Change, Educational Philosophy, Elementary Secondary Education
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Godwin, C. D. – History of Education: The Journal of the History of Education Society, 1998
Explores the pattern of British higher education, known as the binary system, from the 1960s to the 1980s through the exploration of two questions: (1) Why did the binary solution appear to officials not just desirable, but necessary?; and (2) How did the officials ensure that the "necessary" solution became government policy? (CMK)
Descriptors: Educational Attitudes, Educational Policy, Elitism, Foreign Countries
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Brown, Richard Harvey; And Others – American Behavioral Scientist, 1995
Questions how academia can continue to engage in knowledge production without producing and legitimating dominant discourses. Maintains that academia must accept that individuals live in a time of multiple perspectives, an absence of embracing consensus, and the deconstruction of any absolute or foundational principles of truth. (MJP)
Descriptors: Cultural Pluralism, Democratic Values, Educational Environment, Elitism
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Kamens, David H.; And Others – Comparative Education Review, 1996
Analyzes approximately 500 published curricular timetables for upper secondary, college preparatory programs from over 100 countries, 1920-89. Virtually all timetables analyzed fell into four categories--classical, mathematics and science, arts and humanities, and comprehensive--consistent between countries and over time. Much programmatic change…
Descriptors: College Preparation, Comparative Education, Comprehensive Programs, Educational Policy
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Bates, Richard J. – Educational Administration Quarterly, 1987
Argues that organizational control ideologies serving elites are prevalent in schools as well as in corporations. Schools, as meeting places for those in and those out of power, develop complex cultures, which those in power see as "irrational." Illustrates how school cultures incur difficulties because elites define them as…
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Elementary Secondary Education, Elitism, Ideology
Sandlin, Jennifer A. – 2002
A study analyzed the ideological messages about welfare recipients promoted in two welfare-to-work educational programs. Data were collected through interviews with students, teachers, and administrators at an adult literacy classroom serving unemployed women on welfare and an employment preparation program designed to increase job skills of women…
Descriptors: Adult Education, Adult Programs, Adult Students, Cultural Influences
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Maxwell, James D.; Maxwell, Mary Percival – British Journal of Sociology of Education, 1995
Maintains that although Canada's private schools attempt to reproduce dominant cultural ideology, meritocracy and recruitment have created paradoxical effects. Academic competition results in fewer private school graduates being admitted to top universities. Further studies reveal no correlation between private school and financial success. (MJP)
Descriptors: Cultural Pluralism, Economic Change, Educational Objectives, Elementary Secondary Education
Sowell, Thomas – 1995
Most contemporary social and political discourse in the United States takes place within a particular framework of assumptions. The rise of mass media, mass politics, and massive government means that an elite group of articulate people have great leverage in determining the course of the whole society. This book examines the vision of the…
Descriptors: Elitism, Ideology, Mass Media Role, Policy Formation
Trumpbour, John, Ed. – 1989
This collection of 26 essays examines the historical position of Harvard University as one of the nation's most influential institutions. Included are: (1) "Introducing Harvard: A Social, Philosophical, and Political Profile" (John Trumpbour); (2) "How Harvard is Ruled: Administration and Governance at the Corporate University"…
Descriptors: Academic Freedom, Change Agents, College Faculty, Criticism