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Sim, Jasmine B.-Y. – Educational Review, 2012
Elder statesman Lee Kuan Yew maintains that a society ruled by elites is necessary to provide for high growth and social progress. Elitism conjures a class divide; an ongoing concern is a disconnection between elite and the citizens it has to represent. In the tradition of political socialization, and using the case study approach, this article…
Descriptors: Social Justice, Socialization, Global Approach, Ideology
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Ho, Li-Ching – Journal of Curriculum Studies, 2012
Using Singapore as a case study, this paper examines how the discourses of democratic elitism and meritocracy help allocate different citizen roles to students and define the nature of the social studies citizenship education programmes for different educational tracks. While the Singapore education system is not unique in its stratification of…
Descriptors: Citizenship, Educational Objectives, Citizenship Education, Outcomes of Education
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Ho, Li-Ching – Social Studies, 2014
Numerous studies have highlighted a clear civic achievement gap between students from different ethnic and economic backgrounds in countries such as Singapore and the United States. Concurrently, researchers from both countries have noted that access to government and civics classes and curricula differs considerably across and within schools and…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Citizenship Education, Comparative Analysis, Ability Grouping
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Lim, Leonel – Asia Pacific Journal of Education, 2013
Meritocracy functions in Singapore as the key principle of governance and educational distribution. However, the concept of meritocracy itself contains a number of inherent contradictions, most evidently witnessed in the tension between its egalitarian and elitist strands. This tension is documented in the recommendations of Singapore's recent…
Descriptors: Equal Education, Elementary Education, Foreign Countries, Ideology