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Burbules, Nicholas C.; Densmore, Kathleen – Educational Policy, 1991
How professionalism functions as an ideology was a central theme of the authors' original essay. Because of hegemonic associations surrounding professionalism in this society, teacher professionalism would have consequences undermining the ends of democracy, equity, and cultural diversity that Gary Sykes proposes. Also, most current teachers would…
Descriptors: Elementary Secondary Education, Elitism, Ideology, Teacher Role
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Burbules, Nicholas C.; Densmore, Kathleen – Educational Policy, 1991
Although improving teachers' salaries, status, and work conditions is essential, the traditional professional model is an ineffective, inappropriate basis for accomplishing these goals. Rather than relying on an undemocratic concept connoting privilege, special status, and the superiority of mental labor, teachers should seek less elitist bases of…
Descriptors: Democratic Values, Elementary Secondary Education, Elitism, Professional Occupations
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Mickelson, Roslyn Arlin; Wadsworth, Angela L. – Educational Policy, 1996
Analyzes ordinary women's role in shaping school reform in their community, highlighting interplay of class conflict, regionalism, and gender roles in reform efforts. The women protesting the Odyssey Project framed the debate as a juncture between a national, elitist reform movement and a local grassroots countermovement protecting children,…
Descriptors: Activism, Educational Change, Elementary Secondary Education, Elitism
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Johannesson, Ingolfur A. – Educational Policy, 1992
The idea of resistance (and empowerment) in critical pedagogy is rooted in traditional notions of Marxist vanguard politics that consider the trade-unionized white male working class as the entitled leaders of the revolutionary movement. Marxism fosters a theory and practice of elitist leadership notions that is replicated among contemporary…
Descriptors: Critical Theory, Elementary Secondary Education, Elitism, Leadership