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Brown, Elissa F.; Wishney, Leigh R. – Global Education Review, 2017
Divisive rhetoric and heated political discourse surround the identification and education of gifted students and lead to opposing philosophical issues of egalitarianism versus elitism. Researchers have long chronicled the ambivalence in the United States over the concepts of giftedness and intellectual talent (Benbow & Stanley, 1996; see also…
Descriptors: Equal Education, Excellence in Education, Gifted, Political Influences
Jalava, Marja – Peter Lang Frankfurt, 2012
In just a couple of decades, Finland evolved from one of Europe's lowest educated countries to the top performer of the international PISA ranking. Behind this "success story", there was a conscious strategy to use educational policies for creating a more equal society. Tracing the development of Finnish higher education system after…
Descriptors: Educational History, Educational Change, Educational Policy, Social Systems
Blumberg, Melanie J. – 1986
An evaluation is made of the extent to which Scandinavian higher education has been democratized, noting democratization includes the four elements of: subordination of university decision making to parliamentary democracy and to corporate representative bodies; decentralization of higher education regionally; equal access to higher education on…
Descriptors: Access to Education, Change Strategies, Decentralization, Decision Making