ERIC Number: EJ758253
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Feb
A Growth Curve Analysis of the Joint Influences of Parenting Affect, Child Characteristics and Deviant Peers on Adolescent Illicit Drug Use
Pires, Paulo; Jenkins, Jennifer M.
Journal of Youth and Adolescence, v36 n2 p169-183 Feb 2007
This study purports that parental rejection and warmth are critical to the development of adolescent drug use, and investigates a model that also considers children's vulnerability and deviant peer affiliations. It tests mediation through the proximal risk factor of deviant peers. Poisson growth curve modeling was used to examine participants from the Canadian National Longitudinal Survey of Children and Youth (NLSCY; N = 2194) over 4 waves. Results indicated that parental rejection was positively related to drug use, whereas parental warmth was negatively related to it. Both effects were significant when child ADHD symptoms were taken into account. Parental rejection and warmth had differential effects over time. Deviant peer affiliations were positively associated with drug use, did not have a differential influence over time, and did not mediate the other effects. There was significant between-individual (level 2) variability in drug use. Results are discussed in light of adolescent perceptions of parent-child relationships.
Descriptors: Rejection (Psychology), Drug Use, Parent Influence, Affective Behavior, Individual Characteristics, Peer Influence, Adolescents, Drug Abuse, Child Rearing, Parent Child Relationship, At Risk Persons, Foreign Countries, National Surveys, Longitudinal Studies, Correlation, Peer Relationship
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Canada
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A