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Showing 61 to 75 of 483 results Save | Export
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Weidemann, Christoph T.; Kahana, Michael J. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2019
Dual-process models of recognition memory typically assume that independent familiarity and recollection signals with distinct temporal profiles can each lead to recognition (enabling 2 routes to recognition), whereas single-process models posit a unitary "memory strength" signal. Using multivariate classifiers trained on spectral…
Descriptors: Recognition (Psychology), Memory, Familiarity, Recall (Psychology)
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Dahlstrom-Hakki, Ibrahim; Asbell-Clarke, Jodi; Rowe, Elizabeth – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2019
The value of neurocognitive measures to study memory, attention, cognition, and learning is well established. However, the vast majority of work using these tools is performed in tightly controlled lab experiments using simple lab stimuli. This article looks at the viability of using multimodal neurocognitive instruments to measure implicit…
Descriptors: Memory, Attention, Cognitive Processes, Learning
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Long, Nicole M.; Kahana, Michael J. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2017
Although episodic and semantic memory share overlapping neural mechanisms, it remains unclear how our pre-existing semantic associations modulate the formation of new, episodic associations. When freely recalling recently studied words, people rely on both episodic and semantic associations, shown through temporal and semantic clustering of…
Descriptors: Semantics, Memory, Association (Psychology), Interference (Learning)
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Silva, Susana; Folia, Vasiliki; Hagoort, Peter; Petersson, Karl Magnus – Cognitive Science, 2017
The suitability of the artificial grammar learning (AGL) paradigm to capture relevant aspects of the acquisition of linguistic structures has been empirically tested in a number of EEG studies. Some have shown a syntax-related P600 component, but it has not been ruled out that the AGL P600 effect is a response to surface features (e.g.,…
Descriptors: Grammar, Language Acquisition, Syntax, Brain
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Cuesta-Cambra, Ubaldo; Niño-González, José Ignacio; Rodríguez-Terceño, José – Comunicar: Media Education Research Journal, 2017
The use of apps in education is becoming more frequent. However, the mechanisms of attention and processing of their contents and their consequences in learning have not been sufficiently studied. The objective of this work is to analyze how information is processed and learned and how visual attention takes place. It also investigates the…
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Computer Oriented Programs, Medicine, Eye Movements
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Belkofer, Christopher M.; Van Hecke, Amy Vaughan; Konopka, Lukasz M. – Art Therapy: Journal of the American Art Therapy Association, 2014
Little empirical evidence exists as to how materials used in art therapy affect the brain and its neurobiological functioning. This pre/post within-groups study utilized the quantitative electroencephalogram (qEEG) to measure residual effects in the brain after 20 minutes of drawing. EEG recordings were conducted before and after participants (N =…
Descriptors: Art Activities, Freehand Drawing, Brain, Art Therapy
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Tarullo, Amanda R.; Garvin, Melissa C.; Gunnar, Megan R. – Developmental Psychology, 2011
While effects of institutional care on behavioral development have been studied extensively, effects on neural systems underlying these socioemotional and attention deficits are only beginning to be examined. The current study assessed electroencephalogram (EEG) power in 18-month-old internationally adopted, postinstitutionalized children (n = 37)…
Descriptors: At Risk Persons, Disadvantaged Environment, Adoption, Foster Care
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Morasch, Katherine C.; Bell, Martha Ann – Brain and Cognition, 2009
This study of infant declarative memory concurrently examined brain-electrical activity and deferred imitation performance in 10-month-old infants. Continuous electroencephalogram (EEG) measures were collected throughout the activity-matched baseline, encoding (modeling) and retrieval (delayed test) phases of a within-subjects deferred imitation…
Descriptors: Imitation, Infants, Memory, Diagnostic Tests
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Schillinger, Frieder L.; De Smedt, Bert; Grabner, Roland H. – ZDM: The International Journal on Mathematics Education, 2016
In high-stake tests, students often display lower achievements than expected based on their skill level--a phenomenon known as choking under pressure. This imposes a serious problem for many students, especially for test-anxious individuals. Among school subjects, mathematics has been shown to be particularly vulnerable to choking. To succeed in a…
Descriptors: Medicine, High Stakes Tests, Low Achievement, Test Anxiety
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Whedon, Margaret; Perry, Nicole B.; Calkins, Susan D.; Bell, Martha Ann – Developmental Psychology, 2016
Theoretical perspectives of cognitive development have maintained that functional integration of the prefrontal cortex across infancy underlies the emergence of attentional control and higher cognitive abilities in early childhood. To investigate these proposed relations, we tested whether functional integration of prefrontal regions across the…
Descriptors: Brain Hemisphere Functions, Attention, Cognitive Processes, Receptive Language
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La Marca, Jeffry P. – Contemporary School Psychology, 2018
From the first mention of impairments in attention in the scientific literature by the Scottish physician Alexander Crichton in 1798, the correlation between educational attainment and learning has been persistently noted. Since then, the impact of attention deficits on school achievement has been a central component in a significant portion of…
Descriptors: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Academic Achievement, Intervention, Biofeedback
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Ng, Betsy; Ong, Aloysius Kian Keong – Journal of the Scholarship of Teaching and Learning, 2018
The purpose of this article is to offer insights into current understanding of digital learning environments (DLEs) from a neuroscientific perspective. Cognitive neuroscience methods are increasingly applied in educational research to examine the neural underpinnings of learning. As such, neuroscientific evidence can play an important role in…
Descriptors: Neurosciences, Educational Technology, Technology Uses in Education, Higher Education
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Biau, Emmanuel; Fromont, Lauren A.; Soto-Faraco, Salvador – Language Learning, 2018
We tested the prosodic hypothesis that the temporal alignment of a speaker's beat gestures in a sentence influences syntactic parsing by driving the listener's attention. Participants chose between two possible interpretations of relative-clause (RC) ambiguous sentences, while their electroencephalogram (EEG) was recorded. We manipulated the…
Descriptors: Syntax, Intonation, Suprasegmentals, Hypothesis Testing
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Martin, Jodi; Anderson, Jacob E.; Groh, Ashley M.; Waters, Theodore E. A.; Young, Ethan; Johnson, William F.; Shankman, Jessica L.; Eller, Jami; Fleck, Cory; Steele, Ryan D.; Carlson, Elizabeth A.; Simpson, Jeffry A.; Roisman, Glenn I. – Developmental Psychology, 2018
This study examined the predictive significance of maternal sensitivity in early childhood for electrophysiological responding to and cognitive appraisals of infant crying at midlife in a sample of 73 adults (age = 39 years; 43 females; 58 parents) from the Minnesota Longitudinal Study of Risk and Adaptation. When listening to an infant crying,…
Descriptors: Mothers, Young Children, Early Experience, Parent Child Relationship
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Gombos, F.; Bodizs, R.; Kovacs, I. – Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 2011
Background: Williams syndrome (WS) is a neurodevelopmental genetic disorder characterised by physical abnormalities and a distinctive cognitive profile with intellectual disabilities (IDs) and learning difficulties. Methods: In our study, nine adolescents and young adults with WS and 9 age- and sex-matched typically developing (TD) participants…
Descriptors: Genetic Disorders, Learning Problems, Eye Movements, Mental Retardation
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