ERIC Number: ED452295
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2001-Mar
Female Gangs: A Focus on Research. Youth Gang Series. Juvenile Justice Bulletin.
Moore, Joan; Hagedorn, John
This report summarizes past and current research on female gangs, noting programmatic and research needs. Seven sections include: "Early Reports: A History of Stereotypes"; "Number of Female Gang Members"; "Being in a Gang: The Background" (economic and ethnic forces, family pressure, and sex stereotyping and victimization); "Delinquency and Criminality of Female Gang Members" (sources of information about female gang offending: law enforcement agency reports, surveys of at-risk youth, and field studies; levels of offending; types of offenses; and drug dealing); "Ethnicity and Gender Roles in the Gang" (African American and Latina gangs and other ethnic groups); "Long-Term Consequences"; and "Taking Female Gangs Seriously: Areas for Further Research" (female gang formation, reasons for joining gangs, ethnicity, gender roles in gangs, delinquency and criminality, and later-life consequences of female gang membership). The report concludes that there is a paucity of research on the subject, partly because researchers face serious obstacles to studying female gangs (e.g., gangs are highly suspicious of researchers, and female gang members are adverse to talking about sexual abuse). Female gangs have also received little programmatic attention. Much more work is needed to address the needs of females involved with gangs. (Contains 75 references.) (SM)
Descriptors: Adolescents, Blacks, Delinquency, Ethnicity, Family Influence, Females, Hispanic Americans, Juvenile Gangs, Poverty, Racial Differences, Sex Role, Sex Stereotypes
Juvenile Justice Clearinghouse, Publication Reprint/Feedback, P.O. Box 6000, Rockville, MD 20849-6000. Tel: 800-638-8736 (Toll Free); Fax: 301-519-5600; e-mail: email@example.com.
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Department of Justice, Washington, DC. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.