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ERIC Number: ED369285
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1994-Jul
Pages: 18
Abstractor: N/A
The Acquisition of Clicks by Non-Mother-Tongue Speakers.
Lewis, Philip
This paper addresses the difficulty experienced by many non-mother-tongue speakers in acquiring the click sounds of the Xhosa language. Eighteen English- and Afrikaans-speaking students, aged 10 through 13, with no previous knowledge of Xhosa were instructed and tested in making the 15 different click sounds that occur in the Xhosa language. The results indicated that non-mother-tongue speakers found it easier to acquire certain click types than others. Dental clicks tend to be correctly produced more frequently than alveolar lateral clicks and alveopalatal clicks. Non-mother-tongue speakers often showed the tendency to produce clicks as voiceless and aspirated alveolar and velar stops. A second substitution process occurred when subjects produced alveopalatal clicks as dental or alveolar clicks. Other phonological processes involved in click acquisition are also examined, and tentative suggestions are made to ease the acquisition of clicks by non-mother-tongue speakers. One suggestion is that non-mother-tongue speakers should gradually acquire clicks by applying similar stages of acquisition to those that mother tongue speakers apply when they acquire clicks. (MDM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A