ERIC Number: ED368313
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1994-Mar
Faculty Work. Briefing Paper.
Washington State Higher Education Coordinating Board, Olympia.
This review of the literature offers a description of college faculty in the United States: their training, responsibilities, duties, career ladders, demographics, salaries, pressures, and current political issues. The section on training describes the doctoral degree generally, assistantship programs, post-doctoral positions, and the supply of doctoral degrees to the labor force. The section on duties looks at faculty roles in the three areas of teaching, research and service. The section on worklife examines scope, discretion and autonomy, professionalism, and academic freedom and tenure. The description of career paths looks at the early evaluation stages, promotion and tenure, characteristics of evaluation, changes over the course of a career in duties and skills, research productivity, and quantity of research produced. A section on demographics and attitudes among faculty reports national data on faculty age, composition, gender, ethnicity, degree, rank and attitudes to their jobs and institutions. The section on salary offers three tables of data and describes several broad patterns. A section on salary and other differences among faculty touches on gender, minority status, part-time status, and generational differences. A section on pressures describes typical stressors and offers information on faculty attitudes about job pressures. A section on current criticisms describes recent intense criticism of college faculty and offers a compilation of the charges against them. (Contains 35 references.) (JB)
Descriptors: Academic Freedom, Career Ladders, College Faculty, Demography, Doctoral Degrees, Faculty Development, Faculty Promotion, Faculty Workload, Higher Education, Productivity, Quality of Working Life, Stress Variables, Teacher Attitudes, Teacher Characteristics, Teacher Morale, Teacher Responsibility, Teacher Salaries, Tenure
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Washington State Higher Education Coordinating Board, Olympia.