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Torney-Purta, Judith; Barber, Carolyn H.; Wilkenfeld, Britt – Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 2007
Many studies have reported gaps between Latino and non-Latino adolescents in academic and political outcomes. The current study presents possible explanations for such gaps, both at the individual and school level. Hierarchical linear modeling is employed to examine data from 2,811 American ninth graders (approximately 14 years of age) who had…
Descriptors: Individual Characteristics, Grade 9, Classroom Environment, Adolescents
Murphey, David – Child Trends, 2014
As the U.S. population has become increasingly diverse--a continuing trend led by children--there has been an accompanying rise in the number of children who grow up hearing and learning more than one language. Dual language learners represent an important asset for our nation's future, since those who have fluency in more than one language have…
Descriptors: English Language Learners, Academic Achievement, Grade 4, Elementary School Students
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Gestsdottir, Steinunn; Geldhof, G. John; Lerner, Jacqueline V.; Lerner, Richard M. – International Journal of Developmental Science, 2017
The "5 Cs of PYD Model" is an influential theory involving the role of Intentional Self-Regulation (ISR) in positive youth development (PYD). The model, which was developed with U.S. populations, has recently been used in other cultural contexts and, as such, the measurement invariance of the ISR-PYD model across cultural contexts must…
Descriptors: Adolescent Development, Self Control, Models, Foreign Countries
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Smith, M. Cecil; Darfler, Anne – Journal of Science Teacher Education, 2012
US educators express concern that students are turning away from the study of science and have little interest in pursuing science careers. Nationally, science achievement scores for 8th graders are unchanged since 1996, but 12th graders' scores have significantly decreased. A shortcoming of education reform efforts is lack of attention to…
Descriptors: Science Careers, Teacher Characteristics, Science Achievement, Standardized Tests