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ERIC Number: EJ876024
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010-Mar
Pages: 13
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0012-1649
Polymorphisms in Dopamine System Genes Are Associated with Individual Differences in Attention in Infancy
Holmboe, Karla; Nemoda, Zsofia; Fearon, R. M. Pasco; Csibra, Gergely; Sasvari-Szekely, Maria; Johnson, Mark H.
Developmental Psychology, v46 n2 p404-416 Mar 2010
Knowledge about the functional status of the frontal cortex in infancy is limited. This study investigated the effects of polymorphisms in four dopamine system genes on performance in a task developed to assess such functioning, the Freeze-Frame task, at 9 months of age. Polymorphisms in the catechol-O-methyltransferase ("COMT") and the dopamine D4 receptor ("DRD4") genes are likely to impact directly on the functioning of the frontal cortex, whereas polymorphisms in the dopamine D2 receptor ("DRD2") and dopamine transporter ("DAT1") genes might influence frontal cortex functioning indirectly via strong frontostriatal connections. A significant effect of the "COMT" valine[superscript 158]methionine (Val[superscript 158]Met) polymorphism was found. Infants with the Met/Met genotype were significantly less distractible than infants with the Val/Val genotype in Freeze-Frame trials presenting an engaging central stimulus. In addition, there was an interaction with the "DAT1" 3[prime] variable number of tandem repeats polymorphism; the "COMT" effect was present only in infants who did not have two copies of the "DAT1" 10-repeat allele. These findings indicate that dopaminergic polymorphisms affect selective aspects of attention as early as infancy and further validate the Freeze-Frame task as a frontal cortex task. (Contains 1 footnote, 2 tables and 1 figure.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: United Kingdom (London)