ERIC Number: EJ955101
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2005
Abstractor: As Provided
Reductions in Transmission Risk Behaviors in HIV-Positive Clients Receiving Prevention Case Management Services: Findings from a Community Demonstration Project
Gasiorowicz, Mari; Llanas, Michelle R.; DiFranceisco, Wayne; Benotsch, Eric G.; Brondino, Michael J.; Catz, Sheryl L.; Hoxie, Neil J.; Reiser, William J.; Vergeront, James M.
AIDS Education and Prevention, v17 suppl A p40-52 2005
Prevention case management (PCM) for HIV-infected persons is an HIV risk reduction intervention designed to assist clients who are aware of their HIV infection and who continue to engage in risk transmission behaviors. PCM combines individual risk reduction counseling with case management to address the psychosocial factors affecting HIV transmission. More than 350 HIV-positive clients participated in PCM in Wisconsin between 2000 and 2003, and 109 completed both baseline and follow-up risk assessments. The percentage of clients reporting risk transmission behaviors, specifically unprotected vaginal intercourse, insertive anal intercourse, or needle sharing with partners of negative or unknown HIV status, declined from 41.3% at baseline to 29.4% at follow-up (p = 0.04). Furthermore, clients showed progression (p less than or equal to 0.05) through stages of change using Prochaska and DiClemente's transtheoretical model on seven domains related to HIV transmission risk, including personalizing risk of HIV transmission and sexual risk behavior.
Descriptors: Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS), Prevention, Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Demonstration Programs, Risk, Counseling Services, Sexuality, Homosexuality, Drug Use, Behavior Change, Health Behavior, Program Effectiveness
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Wisconsin