ERIC Number: EJ1153567
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017
Abstractor: As Provided
Elementary Science Teachers' Integration of Engineering Design into Science Instruction: Results from a Randomised Controlled Trial
Maeng, Jennifer L.; Whitworth, Brooke A.; Gonczi, Amanda L.; Navy, Shannon L.; Wheeler, Lindsay B.
International Journal of Science Education, v39 n11 p1529-1548 2017
This randomised controlled trial used a mixed-methods approach to investigate the frequency and how elementary teachers integrated engineering design (ED) principles into their science instruction following professional development (PD). The ED components of the PD were aligned with Cunningham and Carlsen's [(2014). "Teaching engineering practices." "Journal of Science Teacher Education", 25, 197-210] guidelines for ED PD and promoted inclusion of ED within science teaching. The treatment group included 219 teachers from 83 schools. Participants in the control group included 145 teachers from 60 schools in a mid-Atlantic state. Data sources, including lesson overviews and videotaped classroom observations, were analysed quantitatively to determine the frequency of ED integration and qualitatively to describe how teachers incorporated ED into instruction after attending the PD. Results indicated more participants who attended the PD (55%) incorporated ED into instruction compared with the control participants (24%), ?[superscript 2](1, n = 401) = 33.225, p < 0.001, r[subscript f] = 0.308. Treatment and control teachers taught similar science content (p's > 0.05) through ED lessons. In ED lessons, students typically conducted research and created and tested initial designs. The results suggest the PD supported teachers in implementing ED into their science instruction and support the efficacy of using Cunningham and Carlsen's (2014) guidelines to inform ED PD design.
Descriptors: Science Instruction, Teaching Methods, Engineering, Design, Randomized Controlled Trials, Elementary School Teachers, Control Groups, Lesson Plans, Video Technology, Statistical Analysis, Qualitative Research, Comparative Analysis, Experimental Groups, Course Content, Guidelines, Observation
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education
Sponsor: Department of Education (ED), Office of Innovation and Improvement
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: U396B100039