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ERIC Number: EJ863518
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009-Dec
Pages: 27
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0952-8733
Legalistic or Inspirational? Comparing University Conflict of Interest Policies
Smith, Elise; Williams-Jones, Bryn
Higher Education Policy, v22 n4 p433-459 Dec 2009
In response to growing public and policy concern about conflicts of interest (COI) in university research, academic institutions in North America and Europe have introduced policies to manage COI. However, depending on their form and content, COI policies can be more or less helpful in the effective management of COI. In this paper, we examine and compare the design and content of COI policies at two Canadian research universities (the Universite de Montreal and the University of Waterloo), which we suggest, exemplify two general categories or poles on a spectrum of policy approaches. We describe (1) a legalistic approach that promotes a concise but rigid structure, and (2) an inspirational approach that encourages principle-based deliberation and wider interpretation. Each of these approaches has its particular strengths and weaknesses. We conclude with some recommendations to help administrators and policy makers improve the quality, utility and effectiveness of university COI policies.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: Policymakers
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Canada