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ERIC Number: EJ778763
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2003-Jun
Pages: 53
Abstractor: Author
ISSN: ISSN-0010-0285
The Transfer of Abstract Principles Governing Complex Adaptive Systems
Goldstone, Robert L.; Sakamoto, Yasuaki
Cognitive Psychology, v46 n4 p414-466 Jun 2003
Four experiments explored participants' understanding of the abstract principles governing computer simulations of complex adaptive systems. Experiments 1, 2, and 3 showed better transfer of abstract principles across simulations that were relatively dissimilar, and that this effect was due to participants who performed relatively poorly on the initial simulation. In Experiment 4, participants showed better abstract understanding of a simulation when it was depicted with concrete rather than idealized graphical elements. However, for poor performers, the idealized version of the simulation transferred better to a new simulation governed by the same abstraction. The results are interpreted in terms of competition between abstract and concrete construals of the simulations. Individuals prone toward concrete construals tend to overlook abstractions when concrete properties or superficial similarities are salient.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
IES Cited: ED498555