ERIC Number: EJ1122712
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016-Dec
Abstractor: As Provided
Social Communication Questionnaire Scoring Procedures for Autism Spectrum Disorder and the Prevalence of Potential Social Communication Disorder in ASD
Barnard-Brak, Lucy; Richman, David M.; Chesnut, Steven Randall; Little, Todd D.
School Psychology Quarterly, v31 n4 p522-533 Dec 2016
In analyzing data from the National Database for Autism Research, we utilized Mokken scaling techniques as a means of creating a more effective and efficient screening procedure for autism spectrum disorder (ASD) via the Social Communication Questionnaire (SCQ). With a sample of 1,040, approximately 80% (n = 827) of the sample were males while approximately 20% (n = 213) were females. In regard to ethnicity, approximately 68% of the sample were White/Caucasian, while 7% were African American, 16% were Hispanic, 4% were Asian, and 1% were Native American or American Indian. As the "Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders" (5th ed.; "DSM-5") states that, "individuals with a well-established "DSM-IV" diagnosis of autistic disorder, Asperger's disorder, or pervasive developmental disorder not otherwise specified should be given the diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder," (American Psychiatric Association, 2013, p. 51), the primary labeling difference between the "DSM-IV" and the "DSM-5" would appear to be in identifying social communication disorder as a newly introduced disorder in the "DSM-5," which we discuss. Though school psychologists are not dependent on the "DSM" to the same extent as clinical psychologists to provide services, school psychology is invested in the effective and efficient assessment of ASD. The current study demonstrates how Mokken scaling procedures may be utilized with respect to ASD identification via the SCQ as well as providing information regarding the prevalence of potential social communication disorder as a new disorder and its discrimination with ASD.
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Communication Problems, Screening Tests, Questionnaires, Interpersonal Communication, Incidence, Scoring, Scaling, Disability Identification, Factor Analysis, Item Response Theory, Databases
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
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