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Mamo, Sara K.; Wheeler, Kara A. – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2021
Purpose: The purpose of the current study is to better characterize the medical and social health characteristics of older adults in a long-term group care setting and consider the impact of the dual burden of hearing loss and cognitive impairment. Method: This descriptive analysis of a convenience sample of 160 adults (M[subscript age] = 74…
Descriptors: Hearing Impairments, Dementia, Older Adults, Social Services
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Randell, Elizabeth; McNamara, Rachel; Busse, Monica – Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 2022
Background: Involving adults with cognitive impairments, and specifically intellectual disability, in research is critical to developing appropriate and effective interventions but is highly challenging. Our aim was to examine where complexities lie in delivering research in underrepresented and hard to reach populations using an exemplar process…
Descriptors: Intellectual Disability, Inclusion, Adults, Disproportionate Representation
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Groot, Iuno Z.; Lever, Anne G.; Koolschijn, P. Cédric; Geurts, Hilde M. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2021
By comparing 51 autistic adults and 49 age-matched controls (aged 30-73 years) we tested if (1) the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) is more sensitive in measuring cognitive impairments than the Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE) and (2) if we can replicate the MoCA-findings of Powell et al. (2017) with the Dutch MoCA(-NL). Results showed…
Descriptors: Cognitive Tests, Screening Tests, Adults, Age Differences
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Roberts, Angela; Aveni, Katharine; Basque, Shalane; Orange, Joseph B.; McLaughlin, Paula; Ramirez, Joel; Troyer, Angela K.; Gutierrez, Stephanie; Chen, Angie; Bartha, Robert; Binns, Malcolm A.; Black, Sandra E.; Casaubon, Leanne K.; Dowlatshahi, Dar; Hassan, Ayman; Kwan, Donna; Levine, Brian; Mandzia, Jennifer; Sahlas, Demetrios J.; Scott, Christopher J. M.; Strother, Stephen; Sunderland, Kelly M.; Symons, Sean; Swartz, Richard – Topics in Language Disorders, 2021
Purpose: Dementia due to cerebrovascular disease (CVD) is common. Detecting early cognitive decline in CVD is critical because addressing risk factors may slow or prevent dementia. This study used a multidomain discourse analysis approach to determine the spoken language signature of CVD-related cognitive impairment. Method: Spoken language and…
Descriptors: Prediction, Discourse Analysis, Language Impairments, Dementia
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Fu, Rong – SAGE Open, 2019
The burden of dementia in China is expected to increase dramatically. This study aimed to estimate the potential impact of early parental death on cognitive functioning in late life and whether education is a possible mechanism underlying this association. Data were derived from the 2002 and 2005 waves of the Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity…
Descriptors: Dementia, Older Adults, Parents, Foreign Countries
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Cataldo, Brad – Journal of Research in Special Educational Needs, 2022
This research study examined the lived experiences of high school aged students with cognitive impairments in substantially separate education settings in reference to their social skill development. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with five students aged 15-20 years placed in a special education collaborative in New England. Transcripts…
Descriptors: Interpersonal Competence, High School Students, Intellectual Disability, Special Education
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Esteba-Castillo, Susanna; Garcia-Alba, Javier; Rodríguez-Hildago, Emili; Vaquero, Lucía; Novell, Ramon; Moldenhauer, Fernando; Castellanos, Miguel Ángel – Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 2022
Background: Despite presenting higher risk of dementia, mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is not well defined in Down syndrome population. Objective: We aimed to describe cognitive and neuropsychological patterns associated with MCI in Down syndrome individuals. Method: Two groups of adults with Down syndrome (control and prodromal) were studied…
Descriptors: Clinical Diagnosis, Evaluation Criteria, Mild Intellectual Disability, Down Syndrome
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Mamo, Sara K.; Reed, Nicholas S.; Price, Carrie; Occhipinti, Dona; Pletnikova, Alexandra; Lin, Frank R.; Oh, Esther S. – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2018
Purpose: The purpose of this systematic review was to assess studies of treating hearing loss in older adults with cognitive impairment. Of interest to this review is identifying clinical adaptations that may be used to tailor hearing loss treatment to older adults with cognitive impairment in order to better serve this vulnerable population.…
Descriptors: Older Adults, Hearing Impairments, Neurological Impairments, Cognitive Ability
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Adebiyi, Akindele O.; Ogunniyi, Adesola; Adediran, Babatunde A.; Olakehinde, Olaide O.; Siwoku, Akeem A. – Health Education & Behavior, 2016
Background: Vascular risk models can be quite informative in assisting the clinician to make a prediction of an individual's risk of cognitive impairment. Thus, a simple marker is a priority for low-capacity settings. This study examines the association of selected simple to deploy vascular markers with cognitive impairment in an elderly…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Aging (Individuals), At Risk Persons, Neurological Impairments
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Smith, Melissa E.; Pahwa, Rohini – Field Methods, 2021
This short take describes the process of enhancing social network interviews with qualitative inquiry to facilitate participant recall, contextualize participant--alter relationships, and increase cultural responsiveness with populations with cognitive impairments. The authors illustrate this process, including the use of a "qualitative…
Descriptors: Social Networks, Disadvantaged, Interviews, Recall (Psychology)
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Paplikar, Avanthi; Varghese, Feba; Alladi, Suvarna; Vandana, V. P.; Darshini, K. J.; Iyer, Gowri K.; Kandukuri, Rajmohan; Divyaraj, Gollahalli; Sharma, Meenakshi; Dhaliwal, R. S.; Kaul, Subhash; Saroja, Aralikatte Onkarappa; Ghosh, Amitabha; Sunitha, J.; Khan, Arfa Banu; Mathew, Robert; Mekala, Shailaja; Menon, Ramshekhar; Nandi, Ranita; Narayanan, Jwala; Nehra, Ashima; Padma, M. V.; Pauranik, Apoorva; Ramakrishnan, Subasree; Sarath, Lekha; Shah, Urvashi; Tripathi, Manjari; Sylaja, P. N.; Varma, Ravi Prasad; Verma, Mansi; Vishwanath, Yeshaswini – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2022
Background: Picture-naming tests (PNTs) evaluate linguistic impairment in dementia due to semantic memory impairment, impaired lexical retrieval or perceptual deficits. They also assess the decline in naming impairment at various stages of dementia and mild cognitive impairment (MCI) that occurs due to progressive cognitive impairment. With the…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Naming, Pictorial Stimuli, Language Impairments
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Haque, Rafi U.; Manzanares, Cecelia M.; Brown, Lavonda N.; Pongos, Alvince L.; Lah, James J.; Clifford, Gari D.; Levey, Allan I. – Learning & Memory, 2019
The entorhinal-hippocampal circuit is one of the earliest sites of cortical pathology in Alzheimer's disease (AD). Visuospatial memory paradigms that are mediated by the entorhinal-hippocampal circuit may offer a means to detect memory impairment during the early stages of AD. In this study, we developed a 4-min visuospatial memory paradigm called…
Descriptors: Alzheimers Disease, Memory, Visual Perception, Spatial Ability
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Pownall, Jaycee; Wilson, Sarah; Jahoda, Andrew – Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 2020
Background: Cognitive impairments are often assumed to underlie individuals' difficulties with understanding health issues. However, it was predicted that socially excluded individuals would have greater difficulty gaining understanding of sensitive topics related to sexuality than other public health messages, such as alcohol use. Method: The…
Descriptors: Mild Intellectual Disability, Physical Disabilities, Health, Sexuality
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Huang, Guogui; Guo, Fei; Chen, Gong – Educational Gerontology, 2019
Healthy life expectancy (HLE) is an emerging field in aging studies. Nevertheless, understanding of HLE from the perspective of socioeconomic status (SES) is inadequate. To fill this gap, the present study explores differences in HLE by SES based on two nationally representative longitudinal databases in China. The study adopts education as a…
Descriptors: Socioeconomic Status, Foreign Countries, Older Adults, Educational Attainment
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Edwards, Jerri D.; Lister, Jennifer J.; Elias, Maya N.; Tetlow, Amber M.; Sardina, Angela L.; Sadeq, Nasreen A.; Brandino, Amanda D.; Bush, Aryn L. Harrison – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2017
Purpose: Studies suggest that deficits in auditory processing predict cognitive decline and dementia, but those studies included limited measures of auditory processing. The purpose of this study was to compare older adults with and without probable mild cognitive impairment (MCI) across two domains of auditory processing (auditory performance in…
Descriptors: Older Adults, Case Studies, Auditory Perception, Cognitive Processes
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