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ERIC Number: EJ1008132
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013
Pages: 10
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1499-4046
Disparities in Consumption of Sugar-Sweetened and Other Beverages by Race/Ethnicity and Obesity Status among United States Schoolchildren
Dodd, Allison Hedley; Briefel, Ronette; Cabili, Charlotte; Wilson, Ander; Crepinsek, Mary Kay
Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior, v45 n3 p240-249 May-Jun 2013
Objective: Identify disparities by race/ethnicity and obesity status in the consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) and other beverages among United States schoolchildren to help tailor interventions to reduce childhood obesity. Design: Secondary data analysis using beverage intake data from 24-hour dietary recalls and measured height and weight from the third School Nutrition Dietary Assessment Study, a 2004-2005 nationally representative sample of school-aged children and schools. Setting: Schools participating in the National School Lunch Program (n = 287). Participants: Children in grades 1-12 with a completed 24-hour dietary recall (n = 2,314). Main Outcome Measure(s): Percentage of children consuming beverages in 8 beverage categories by school level and consumption location. Analysis: Two-tailed "t" tests to determine significant differences (P less than 0.05) between the proportions of children consuming beverages by race/ethnicity and weight status. Results: Beverage consumption patterns did not substantially differ across weight status groups, but they differed by race/ethnicity in the home. Non-Hispanic black elementary schoolchildren consumed nonsoda SSBs more often and unflavored, low-fat milk less often at home than non-Hispanic white schoolchildren. Conclusions and Implications: Higher consumption of SSBs coupled with a lower consumption of milk is disproportionately affecting non-Hispanic black schoolchildren. Targeted interventions by racial/ethnic group are needed to promote more healthful beverage choices among schoolchildren, particularly at home. (Contains 5 tables.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A