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ERIC Number: EJ1031222
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014-Jun
Pages: 14
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 21
ISSN: ISSN-2154-1647
Effectiveness of the Modified Intensive Toilet Training Method on Teaching Toilet Skills to Children with Autism
ArdiƧ, Avsar; Cavkaytar, Atilla
Education and Training in Autism and Developmental Disabilities, v49 n2 p263-276 Jun 2014
The purpose of this study was to determine effectiveness of a modified version of Azrin and Foxx's (1971) intensive toilet training method on teaching of toilet skills to children with autism. This method consists of administering extra fluids and a time schedule, but does not use overcorrection procedures. Implementation requires a study of six hours per day. The study was conducted with three children with autism in an educational setting and used a multiple probe design. Both inter-observer and procedural reliability data were collected. Graphical analysis was used to determine effectiveness of a modified version of Azrin and Foxx's method for teaching toilet skills to children with autism. Results of the study indicate that the modified Azrin and Foxx method was effective in teaching dryness and urinating into the toilet at acquisition level to children with autism. Parents of the research subjects were very satisfied with the results.
Division on Autism and Developmental Disabilities, Council for Exceptional Children. DDD, P.O. Box 3512, Fayetteville, AR 72702. Tel: 479-575-3326; Fax: 479-575-6676; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Turkey