ERIC Number: ED280881
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1986-Nov-13
Burnout in College Seniors Preparing for the Human Services Professions.
Edwards, James G.
The Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) was used to assess the level and intensity of burnout in 165 California State University at Long Beach college seniors preparing for the human services professions, specifically teaching, nursing, criminal justice, and social welfare. A comparison group of 80 engineering seniors was also assessed. The 40-item questionnaire contained a modified version of the MBI a seven-item college-oriented burnout questionnaire, and demographic items. Frequency and intensity scores were derived for three subscales: emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and personal accomplishment. The following results were noted: (1) Burnout is a valid construct for college students, although it exists to a lesser extent than it does in the working professional. (2) Human services college seniors experience burnout similar to their professional counterparts on the emotional exhaustion and personal accomplishment subscales of the MBI. (3) Depersonalization is not a factor for college seniors. (4) Burnout occurs equally in engineering and human services students. (5) Human services majors are more altruistic and people-oriented than seniors with other majors. (6) High burnout predicts negative attitudes toward school, perception of less value in accomplishments, and less dedication to school. It does not predict lower levels of participation with others in school. This study represents the first application of the modified form of the MBI for college seniors. Further studies need to be completed before generalizations can be made to a larger population. (GDC)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Maslach Burnout Inventory